United States of America
Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (revised 2014) - Title IX-Renewable Energy Provisions
Expands the Biorefinery Assistance Programme by providing loan guarantees (2008-2010) of USD320m for the creation of commercial-scale biorefineries as well as grants to build demonstration-scale biorefineries. Allocates USD55m to support renewable biomass use in biorefineries instead of fossil fuels. Creates the Rural Energy for America Programme (REAP), which is worth USD285m, and promotes the use of hydroelectric source technologies. Creates the Biomass Crop Assistance Programme to support crop conversion to bioenergy. Expands the Biobased Market Programme by allocating USD11m to a federal procure-ment programme and a voluntary labelling programme. Allocates USD345m to the Bioenergy Programme for Advanced Fuels to support the production of advanced biofuels. Expands the Feedstock Flexibility Programme for Bioenergy Producers by subsidising the use of sugar for ethanol production through federal purchases of surplus sugar.
Authorises the Forest Service to conduct a comprehensive research and development programme on forest biomass for energy generation.
Allocates USD258m to the Biomass Research and Development Initiative to provide competitive grants, contracts and financial assistance to eligible entities to carry out research and development and demonstration of biofuels and bio-based products.
Provides USD1m per year (2008-2012) to the Biodiesel Fuel Education Programme for the allocation of competitive grants to educate public and private actors operating vehicle fleets as well as the public at large about the benefits of biodiesel fuel use.
The 2014 revision:
- Reauthorises and provides USD880m for energy programmes established in the 2008 Bill
- Expands the Biorefinery Assistance Programme to include biobased product and renewable chemical manufacturing
- Expands the Biopreferred programme to include forestry products.