Framework law to regulate reduction of vulnerability, mandatory adaptation to the effects of climate change, and the mitigation of greenhouse gas effects (Decree of the Congress 7-2013)
The primary objective of the law is to provide an immediate and co-ordinated response to climate change, in part through the establishment of the National Council of Climate Change presided over by the President of the Republic, and the development of a national adaptation and mitigation plan, as well as institutional adaptation and mitigation strategies in all public institutions. The law also delegates responsibility to the various governmental agencies to develop and implement climate change policies within specific areas that will ultimately address: carbon emissions generated by land use and the energy sector; the creation of a carbon market; increasing public awareness and participation; public financing; and development of climate-related policies.
It further establishes the national climate change information system and the national climate change fund to finance projects that address risk management, adaptation and/or mitigation (with 80% of the fund dedicated to risk and vulnerability management and adaptation). The law finally asks the government to adopt regulation of carbon emissions from public and private activities in the transport sector. It also evokes the creation of a national energy plan that focuses on the development of renewable energy.