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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Upper middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

Contribución Nacionalmente Determinada de Guatemala(Updated submission), Nationally Determined Contribution from Guatemala in 2022

, 2022

Guatemala First NDC (Archived), Nationally Determined Contribution from Guatemala in 2022

, 2022

Guatemala. National communication (NC). NC 3., National Communication from Guatemala in 2022

, 2022

This plan was approved by the Ministerial Agreement no 09-2022. It sets the government's energy supply strategy for the next thirty years, and notably seeks to boost the production of energy from renewable sources. It was approved alongside the Expansion Plan of the power transport system 2022-2052 (not in scope).

, 2021

Estrategia Nacional de Desarrollo con Bajas Emisiones, Long-Term Low-Emission Development Strategy from Guatemala in 2021

Legislative Process

The legislative process is defined by the 1985 Constitution, amended in 1993 by referendum. Guatemala has a unicameral legislative system, with legislative power delegated to the Congress of the Republic. The 158 Members of the Congress are directly elected through universal suffrage for a four year term, with possibility of re-election. The most recent election was held in September 2015, with the next scheduled for 2019.

The right of legislative initiative is attributed to members of Congress, executive bodies (the President), the Supreme Court of Justice, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, and the University of San Carlos. Proposals are submitted to the legislative direction of the Congress and then addressed to a working committee. Following recommendation of the committee, the draft text is discussed at the plenary session, requiring three separate reading sessions. General laws require a simple majority of votes to be approved, but there are exceptions of decrees that may require higher majority of votes.

A bill passed in the Congress requires presidential assent and publication before it is enacted. After the process in the Congress is successfully concluded, the draft is submitted to the government. If it is sanctioned by the president, the law comes into force after being published in the Official Gazette. In the case of presidential veto, the Congress can overturn the decision by a two-thirds majority of votes and send the new law for publication in the Gazette.