Cuba

Tarea Vida plan to face climate change

Executive
Plan; Programme
Adaptation Framework
Passed in 2017
The State Plan for confronting climate change, Tarea Vida, was approved in 2017 by the Council of Ministers. Its foresees a programme of progressive investments that will be executed in the short (year 2020), medium (2030), long (2050) and very long (2100) terms. Priority areas have been identified taking into account the preservation of people's lives in the most vulnerable places, food security and tourism development. 

Main goals are : 1) to undertake actions and projects for adaptation to climate change necessary in the 15 areas identified as most vulnerable, 2) to conserve and fully recover the beaches of the Cuban archipelago, 3) to ensure the availability and use of water as part of coping with drought, 4) to direct reforestation towards maximum protection of soils, 5) to rehabilitate the coral reefs as the most affected mangroves, 6) to implement, control and evaluate the adaptation and mitigation measures.

For the vulnerable areas, several measures are established : 1) the ban on building new homes in threatened coastal settlements that are predicted to disappear due to flooding, 2) to reduce population density in low-lying coastal areas, 3) to develop new infratructures adapted to coastal flooding, 4) to adapt agricultural activities to the changes in land use caused by sea level rise and drought, 5) to reduce cultivated areas close to the coasts and diversify crops, 6) to plan the urban reorganization processes of the threatened settlements and infrastructures, 7) to start the process with lower cost measures such as induced natural solutions (beach recovery, reforestation).

The plan also insists on the necessity of an environmental education for a possible sustainable development.

Documents
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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