The Constitution of Cuba was approved in a public national referendum in February 2019. It was drafted and submitted to public consultation between 2018 and 2019. The final version, published in January 2019 ahead of the referendum, was approved by 86.85 percent out of 8.7 million voters. In its preamble, the Constitution states Cuba’s commitment to “never returning to cap...
The law sets the legal framework to organise the resilience of the country's inner waters, and mentions climate change adaptation as a core goal. The law was approved by the Cuban Parliament and published in the Official Gazette no 124, with Decree no. 337.
The State Plan for confronting climate change, Tarea Vida, was approved in 2017 by the Council of Ministers. Its foresees a programme of progressive investments that will be executed in the short (year 2020), medium (2030), long (2050) and very long (2100) terms. Priority areas have been identified taking into account the preservation of people's lives in the most vulnerab...
This plan is developed in order to meet the objectives of Agenda 2030. It aims at ensuring the conservation, protection and rational use of resources and natural conditions, as well as adaptation (including risk prevention) and actions to mitigate the impacts of climate change, in such a way that the relationship with nature and the environment is a contributing factor to ...
The Strategy is the guiding document for environmental policy. It replaced in 1997 the National Programme on Environment and Development, first elaborated in 1993 and representing the first initiative in response to international calls for elaboration of national plans on sustainable development. The Strategy defines the main environmental issues (land degradation, factors...
Targets (6)Request to download all target data (.csv)
- Reach 29.4% of forest cover in Cuba by 2015LULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2015Source: National Environmental Strategy 2011-2015
- Not ApplicableEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 0
- 700 MW | distribution of 13 million LED lamps in the residential sector and 250,000 lamps for street lightingEnergy: Renewable Energy: Solar | Target year:
- 633 MW (13 wind farms)Energy: Renewable Energy: Wind | Target year:
- 755 MW (sugarcane and forestry biomass); 19 bioelectric systemsEnergy: Renewable Energy: Biofuels | Target year:
Cuba’s legal system follows the civil law tradition, adapted to the socialist system. The Constitution’s hierarchy is above any other norm from the country. Key features of the Constitution include the recognition of sovereignty being nontransferably with people — exercised “directly and via Assemblies of People’s Power and other organs of the State that are derived from them” (article 3) — , strict regulation of personal property, and government control of the economy. The National Assembly of People’s Power, according to article 102, is the supreme organ of the power of the State, representing the entire population and expressing their sovereign will. It is the only organ with legislative and constituent power within the Republic (article 103). Article 108 establishes that the duties of the National Assembly of People’s Power include “a. To agree upon reforms to the Constitution, according to that which is established in Title XI; b. To issue a general and obligatory interpretation of the Constitution and the laws, in necessary cases, in correspondence with the procedure prescribed by the law; […]”. Article 120 of the Constitution further establishes a Council of State under the National Assembly of People's Power. The Council of State’s duties include: “a. To ensure the implementation of the Constitution and the laws; b. To give a general and obligatory interpretation, in necessary cases, for the laws in force[…]” (article 122).