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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Lower middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2020

The Biofuels Policy of Zimbabwe fosters the production, use and sustainability of the liquid biofuels sector in the country, especially ethanol from sugar cane and biodiesel from jatropha, until 2030. Its aims are to reduce the country's dependency on oil imports, and to reduce its greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions.It is unclear whether the target of ethanol blending ratio ...

, 2020

The National Renewable Energy Policy is the government's key document aimed at fostering the production and use of renewable sources in the grid and off-grid. It aims to raise the share of renewables in the energy mix by creating incentives from supply, to distribution and demand, in urban and rural settings.It is not clear whether the incentives and targets set out in the...

, 2019

The overall objective of the National Contingency Plan is to help ensure that Government, partners and civil society establish a timely, consistent and coordinated response to anticipated hazards during the 2012-2013 planning period in order to minimise potential humanitarian consequences and initiate linkages for the early recovery of affected communities. It identifies f...

, 2019

The National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) provides a framework for a comprehensive and strategic approach to climate change adaptation, mitigation, technology and finance. The objective of the Strategy is to 'mainstream climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies in economic and social development at national and sectoral levels through multi-stakeholde...

, 2018

This document aims to modernise the country's agricultural sector, enable investments and a switch to sustainable production. 

  • Reduction of national greenhouse gases emissions by at least 2% by 2015 against a 2011 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2015Source: Medium Term Plan
  • 40% reduction in economy-wide GHG emissions per capita compared to BAU by 2030, conditional on international support. In the mitigation scenario, economy-wide emissions per capita are projected to be 2.3 tCO2eq in 2030. From 2016 iNDC: 33% reduction in energy emissions per capita by 2030 compared to the BAU scenarioEconomy-wide | Target year: 2030
  • Institute demand side management to savings of up to 3000MW by 2013 by 2013 against a 2011 baselineEnergy: Energy Efficiency | Target year: 2013Source: Medium Term Plan
  • "Every person a tree" reafforestation initiative by 2015 against a 2011 baselineLULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2015Source: Medium Term Plan
  • A minimum ethanol/petrol blend target of 20% by 2015, and a 5% biodiesel blend by 2020Transportation: Fuels | Target year: 2020Source: National Energy Policy

Legislative Process

Zimbabwe is a presidential republic, where the President is both the Head of State and the Government. It gained independence from Britain in 1979. The Constitution states that the legal system is a combination of the Roman Dutch Law and African Customary Law as modified by legislation.

The bicameral parliament consists of Senate and House of Assembly. Among the 80 seats of the Senate, 60 members are elected by popular vote for a five-year term, 18 traditional chiefs are elected by the Council of Chiefs and 2 seats are reserved for people with disabilities. The House of Assembly has 270 seats, where members are elected by popular vote for five-year terms and 60 seats are reserved for women identified by their parties or nominated by proportional representation. The last parliamentary and presidential elections were held in 2013, and the next elections are expected to be held in 2018. The President is elected for a five-year term with no term limits.

Cabinet Ministers are appointed by the President, who is selected from the Members of Parliament. Laws can be proposed either as public, private or hybrid laws. Public bills relate to matters of public interest introduced by the Members of Parliament (Private Members Bills), which can be originated from either of the two houses. Private laws are introduced for the interest or benefit of the person or bodies of persons who prompt the bill; private laws affect only particular individuals or a group of people, e.g. the Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers Act that only affects engineers.

Hybrid bills are public or private bills that are associated with both public and private interests. Bills go through preliminary stages before they are brought to the Parliament; public bills introduced by members of the Executive require proposals from the responsible Minister, approval by the Cabinet and publishing in the Government Gazette. The Portfolio Committee that administers the bills under the relevant ministries consults the public through public hearings or oral evidence interviews, by which the output is presented in the reading stage of parliamentary discussion. Bills are passed at first in the originating House by a simple majority of the MPs present at the time of voting. Bills are then transmitted to the other House for the second reading and voting. The President is required to assent to the bill within 21 days, otherwise the bill is returned to the Parliament. The Constitution provides that in case of disagreements between the two houses not resolved within 90 days, the bill may be presented to the President to assent in the form it was passed in the House of Assembly. Once the President assents, the bill becomes an Act. Private bills are brought in by motion, which in case of approval by the house the bills are introduced in the Parliament for reading and voting.