Vietnam

The National Climate Change Strategy approved by Decision no 2139/QD-TTg

Executive
Strategy
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2019
These two pieces of legislation establish and approve Vietnam's National Climate Change Strategy. The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment, other ministers, leaders of ministerial agencies, heads of governmental agencies, presidents of Provincial People's Committees are responsible for implementing this Decision.
 
 The Strategy, approved by the Prime Minister of Vietnam, is a 'multi-century vision' and is broad and multi-sectoral. Within the Strategy, the following specific objectives are set out:
 - Ensure food security, energy security, water security, poverty alleviation, gender equality, social security, public health; enhance living standards, conserve natural resources in the context of climate change
 - Consider low carbon economy and green growth as principles in achieving sustain-able development; GHG emission reduction and removal to become a mandatory index in social and economic development
 - Raise awareness, involvement and coping capacity of stakeholders; strengthen scientific and technological potential and human resources; strengthen institutional arrangements to utilise financial assistance; enhance the economic competitive-ness and status of Vietnam; take advantage of climate change opportunities for social and economic development; promote climate-friendly behaviours
 - Join forces with international communities in addressing climate change; increase international co-operation to address climate change effectively
 
 Targets to be achieved by 2020 (but some also refer to 2050, 2030 and 2015):
 Agriculture and husbandry
 - Complete basic system for pest and disease control for crops and livestock after every 10 years, reduce GHG emission from agriculture by 20%, while securing 20% growth and lowering the rate of poverty by 20%
 LULUCF
 - Basic completion of creation of management capacity, uniform planning and sustainable national development of water resources
 - Establish, manage, protect, sustainably develop and use 16.24m ha of forest, increase forest coverage to 45%; manage 8.134m ha of production forest; 5.842m ha of protection forest and 2.271m hectares of special-use forest
 Energy and industry
 - Hydropower plants' capacity reaches 20,000-22,000 MW
 - Increase the share of new and renewable energies to 5% of the total commercial primary energies (increase to 11% by 2050)
 - 90% of industrial facilities using cleaner production and reducing consumption of energy, fuel and materials
 - Raise the total contribution of industrial production using high technologies, ensuring added value in the total industrial production value by 42-45%; promote innovation towards high technologies
 - 20% of industry using high technologies and equipment (above 80% by 2015)
 - Take step-by-step actions to complete the establishment of sustainable and industrial zones resilient to climate change by 2030
 - By 2015 establish a new price system for efficient use of energy
 - 90% of urban household solid waste to be collected and treated, of which 85% to be recycled, reused and recovered for energy generation.
 Transportation
 - The transportation system to meet societal needs and by 2050 complete modernisation of domestic and international transportation network)
 - Accelerate the use of compressed natural gas and liquefied gas in buses and taxis, with 20% of buses and taxis by 2020 (and by 80% by 2050)
 Institutional
 - By 2015 issue climate change-risk adjusted sectoral and local socio-economic strategies and plans
 Healthcare
 - In the context of climate change challenges: by 2020 everyone has access to basic healthcare services (by 2030: full access to healthcare services)

Documents
  • By 2020, total capacity of hydropower plants will reach 20,000-22,000 MW by 2020
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • 90% of urban household solid waste will he collected and treated, of which 85% will be recycled, reused and recovered for energy generation by 2020
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • 90% of industrial facilities using cleaner production technologies and reducing consumption of energy, fuel and materials by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
    Industry | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • Increase the national forest cover rate to 44-45% by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • Reduce GHG emission from agriculture by 20%, while securing 20% growth and lowering the rate of poverty by 20% by 2020 against a 2010 baseline
    Agriculture | Trajectory target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2010
  • Increase the share of new and renewable energies to about 5% of the total commercial primary energies by 2020 and about 11% by 2050
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2010
  • Use of compressed natural gas and liquefied gas in buses and taxis to reach the target of 20% of buses and taxis by 2020, and 80% by 2050
    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2010
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
Climate Change Laws of the World uses cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies >>