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Socio-economic development plan for 2021-2025 (decisions No. 16/2021/QH15 and No. 32/NQ-CP)

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2021
This plan notably aims to ensure a fast and sustainable economic growth on the basis of enhancing the macroeconomic stability, developing science, technology and innovation, maximising the country's potentials and advantages; strive for an economic growth rate higher than the average growth rate of the five-year period of 2016-2020, and strive to become a developing country with modern industry overcoming the lower-middle income status by 2025.

Climate-related clauses from the 2021-2025 plan include the following:
  • Place emphasis on environmental protection and climate change adaptation
  • Encourage the development of green, clean, ecological, organic, hi-tech, smart agriculture adaptable to climate change. 
  • Upgrade and modernize strategic infrastructure and infrastructure adaptable to climate change, especially in the agricultural and rural field in Mekong Delta, Central Coast - Central Highlands. 
  • proactively preventing, combating and limiting the impacts of natural disasters, and adapting to climate change
  • Actively monitor and respond effectively to climate change. 
  • encourage the development of smart grids, renewable energy and strong participation of the non-state economic sector. Strive to reduce the average ratio of energy consumption to GDP by 1-1.5%/year.
  • Develop roadmaps, mechanisms, policies and laws to form and operate a model of green economy, circular economy, low-carbon economy, and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

Climate-related clauses from the 2022 plan include the following: 
  • invest in urban infrastructure in coastal economic zones. Develop agricultural and rural infrastructure systems, especially irrigation works, fishing ports, large fishing centers, and storm shelters, climate change adaptation projects against landslides.
  • Continue to implement master plans, plans, and projects on urban development to respond to climate change, green cities, and smart cities
  • Ensure the planning and construction progress of key power source and grid projects, especially works for green energy conversion and carbon emission reduction.


from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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