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Decision No. 896/QD-TTg on approving the National Strategy for Climate Change until 2050

legislation type Executive
Strategy
Passed in 2022
The Strategy reiterates the temperature of approximately 1,5 degrees by the end of this century. It also highlights the importance of achieving net zero emissions by 2050 as an essential goal of the world.  

The objectives of the Strategy are 
  • Effective adaptation to climate change;
  • Reduction of vulnerability losses, and damage caused by climate change;
  • Reduction of GHG emission following net zero emission target by 2050;
  • Positive contribution and responsibility to international community in protection the global climate;
  • Harnessing of opportunity brought by climate change adaptation to shift growth model, increase of resistance and competitiveness of the economy.

The Strategy sets adaptation and mitigation goal.

Net zero shall be reached by 2050. It requires a nationwide greenhouse gas emission reduction by 43,5% compared to the BAU scenario by 2030.

By 2030, the energy sector reduces 32,6%, emission does not exceed 457 million tonne of CO2 equivalent (CO2td); the agriculture sector reduces 43,0%, emission does not exceed 64 million tonne of CO2td; LULUCF sector reduces 70% and increases 20% of carbon absorption, total emission and absorption reach at least -95 million tonne of CO2td; waste sector reduces 60,7%, emission does not exceed 18 million tonne of CO2td; industrial processes sector reduces 38,3%, emission does not exceed 86 million tonne of CO2td. 

By 2050, total GHG emissions nationwide achieve net zero; emissions peak in 2035 and are reduced rapidly afterwards. The energy sector reduces 91,6%, emission does not exceed 101 million tonne CO2td; the agriculture sector reduces 63,1%, emission does not exceed 56 million tonne of CO2td; the LULUCF sector reduces 90% and increases 30% of carbon absorption, total emission and absorption reach at least -185 million tonne of CO2td; the waste sector reduces 90,7%, emission does not exceed 8 million tonne of CO2td; the industrial processes sector reduces 84,8%, emission does not exceed 20 million tonne of CO2td. 

The strategy then sets out tasks and solutions to reach adaptation and mitigation goals, means of implementation, and the funding sources for implementation.  


Documents

  • Net zero by 2050
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Base year:
  • By 2050, renewable energy accounts for at least 55% of total electricity produced.
    Energy | Intensity target | Target year: 2050
  • By 2030, renewable energy including hydroelectricity, wind power, solar power, and biomass accounts for at least 33% of electricity produced.
    Energy | Intensity target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2050, industrial processes sector reduces 84,8% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 20 million tonne of CO2td
    Industry | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2050
  • By 2050, waste sector reduces 90,7% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 8 million tonne of CO2td
    Waste | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2050
  • By 2050, LULUCF sector reduces 90% greenhouse gas emissions and increases 30% of carbon absorption compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, total emission and absorption reach at least -185 million tonne of CO2td
    LULUCF | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2050
  • By 2050, agriculture sector reduces 63,1% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 56 million tonne of CO2td
    Agriculture | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2050
  • By 2050, energy sector reduces 91,6% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 101 million tonne CO2td
    Energy | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2050
  • By 2030, industrial processes sector reduces 38,3% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 86 million tonne of CO2td
    Industry | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, waste sector reduces 60,7% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 18 million tonne of CO2td
    Waste | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, LULUCF sector reduces 70% greenhouse gas emissions and increases 20% of carbon absorption compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, total emission and absorption reach at least -95 million tonne of CO2td
    LULUCF | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, agriculture sector reduces 43,0% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 64 million tonne of CO2td
    Agriculture | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, energy sector reduces 32,6% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario, emission does not exceed 457 million tonne of CO2 equivalent (CO2td)
    Energy | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • By 2030, total greenhouse gas emissions nationwide reduced by 43,5% compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario
    Mitigation | Baseline scenario target | Target year: 2030
  • Achieve net zero emission by 2050 (emission peaks in 2035 and reduces rapidly)
    Mitigation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050
  • 100% of the population is provided with clean, sanitized water; at least 90% of the population has access to standard clean water
    Water | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050
  • Maintain forest coverage at 43% and ensure area of national forest; ; area of sea and coastal reserves reaches 6% of natural area of national sea waters.
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2050
  • At least 95% of the population is provided with clean, sanitized water; at least 80% of the population has access to standard clean water; meet disease and epidemic prevention requirements.
    Water | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • 80% of the households in areas prone to natural disasters have safe houses; successfully relocate at least 70% of households locating in areas prone to flash floods or landslide to safer areas; in areas where relocation has not been successfully implemented, install surveillance and warning systems in order to promptly relocate and minimize risks in case of natural disasters; 100% of spillways are supervised and contain warnings about depth of flood.
    Disaster Risk Management (Drm) | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
  • Ensure a minimum 42% of forest coverage; area of terrestrial reserves equals 9% of land area, area of reserved sea waters and coastal sites equals at least 5% of natural area of national sea waters.
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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