United States of America
Clean Power Plan
Options for cutting emissions include investing in renewable energy, energy efficiency, natural gas, and nuclear power, and shifting away from coal-fired power. The Plan also aims to limit shift to natural gas and promote renewables.
Targets differ across states because of each state's unique mix of electricity-generation resources, as well as technological feasibilities, costs, and emissions reduction potentials. States are free to combine any of the options in a flexible manner to meet their targets or join together in multi-state or regional compacts to reduce their carbon emissions through the lowest cost options, including through emissions trading programs.
States must submit a final plan, or an initial plan with a request for an extension (potentially until September 2018), by September 6, 2016. Compliance period starts in 2022.
The Clean Power Plan also provides incentives for early deployment of renewables and efficiency measures benefiting low-income communities, as well as tools to assist states in implementing market-based approaches. A Federal Implementation Plan is also being designed, for EPA to use in states that do not adopt adequate individual implementation plans.
The Clean Power Plan is expected to contribute significant pollution reductions, potentially resulting in:
- Climate-related benefits of $20 billion
- Health benefits of $14-$34 billion
- Net benefits of $26-$45 billion
Note: In February 2016, the US Supreme Court stayed implementation of the Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Electric Generating Units, pending judicial review.
32% CO2 emission reductions from the utility power sector by 2030 against a 2005 baseline