United States of America
Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
Sets a mandatory Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) that requires fuel producers to use at least 36bn gallons of biofuel by 2022, and provides incentives for the development of renewable energy technologies (solar, wind, geothermal, ocean, biomass or landfill gas).
Includes provisions on lighting: phasing out the use of incandescent light bulbs by 2014, improving lighting efficiency by more than 70% by 2020, setting an energy efficient standard and promoting consumer education and lamp labelling. Also includes provisions for energy efficiency in appliances, buildings (i.e. ensuring that all new federal buildings are carbon neutral by 2030) and transport. Further establishes provisions for funding of research on carbon capture and storage and hydrogen technologies.
Includes the first increase in fuel economy standards in 30 years. Automakers are required to boost fleet-wide fuel economy to 35 miles per gallon (14.8km/l) by 2020. This was superseded by an agreement brokered by the President to settle automakers' court cases against the State of California. The agreement established a standard of 35.5mpg by 2016.
Creates the Renewable Energy Innovation Manufacturing Partnership Programme to support research and development and deployment of renewable energy technologies (solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, energy storage and fuel cell systems).
Requires all lighting in federal buildings to use Energy Star products or products designated under the Federal Energy Management Programme (FEMP) by the end of 2013; requires all Federal agencies to purchase devices that limit standby power use; requires the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to update energy efficiency standards for all public and assisted housing by applying the International Energy Conservation Code.
Fuel economy greater than 27.5mpg or 92% avg fuel economy for domestically manufactured passenger automobiles