United Kingdom

Carbon Plan

Executive
Plan
Passed in 2011
The Carbon Plan replaced the 2009 Low Carbon Transition Plan.

The Plan sets out how the UK will achieve decarbonisation within the framework of energy policy - making a transition to a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security and minimising costs to consumers (particularly those in poorer households).

The Plan sets out proposals and policies to meet the UK's first four carbon budgets, each lasting five years with increasing emissions reductions targets. The fourth budget, for the period 2023-2027, requires emissions to be reduced by 50% compared to 1990 levels.

The plan includes 5 sectoral plans, covering measures to be taken during this decade and in the 2020s:
- Low carbon buildings, including energy efficiency and low carbon heating
- Low carbon transport
- Low carbon industry
- Low carbon electricity
- Agriculture, land use, forestry and waste

The government will support up to 1.5 million solid wall insulations and other energy efficiency measures, introduce zero-carbon home standards to support energy efficiency improvements. It will also support over 130,000 low carbon heat installations by 2020 and work with local authorities to support district heating networks. The Plan sets out that emissions from buildings should be 24%-39% lower than 2009 levels by 2027.

The government will support the market roll-out of ultra-low emission vehicles and the take-up of other lower carbon travel methods (walking, cycling, public transport), with the aim that transport emissions should be 17%-28% lower than 2009 levels by 2027.
Emissions from industry will be reduced by 20%-24% compared to 2009 levels by 2027, through a mix of energy efficiency measures, low carbon fuel use, EU ETS membership, and CCS development.

By 2027, emissions from electricity should be 75%-84% lower than 2009 levels. These reductions will come from increasing use of gas and renewables instead of coal, the introduction of Contacts for Difference in feed-in tariffs, and support for renewables development, CCS development, and reductions in the cost of offshore wind. The Plan does not set any specific technology or decarbonisation targets, and supports the lowest cost mix of nuclear, renewables and CCS use by 2027.

The Plan envisages significant reductions in methane emissions from landfill by 2050, as part of the move towards a zero waste economy.

Documents
  • All new non-domestic buildings in England to be zero carbon from 2019 and all new homes in the UK from 2016 would be zero carbon by 2016, 2019
    Buildings | Fixed level target | Target year: 2019 | Base year: N/A
  • All new non-domestic buildings in England to be zero carbon from 2019 and all new homes in the UK from 2016 would be zero carbon by 2016, 2019
    Buildings | Fixed level target | Target year: 2019 | Base year: N/A
  • Reduction in overall industry emissions of up to 70% by N/A
    Industry | Fixed level target | Target year: 0 | Base year: N/A
  • 12% of heat from renewable sources by 2020
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: N/A
  • 12% of heat from renewable sources by 2020
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: N/A
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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