United Kingdom

Friends of the Earth v. UK Export Finance

Jurisdiction: High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division

Principle law(s): Climate Change Act

Side A: Friends of the Earth (Ngo)

Side B: UK Export Finance (Government)

Core objectives:

Whether the UK government's decision to provide financing to a liquid natural gas project in Mozambique violated climate commitments

In September 2020, Friends of the Earth England, Wales, and Northern Ireland filed suit in the High Court of Justice challenging the UK government's decision to provide $1 billion in financing to support liquified natural gas development in Mozambique. According to a briefing released by Friends of the Earth, plaintiffs allege that the UK conducted deficient assessments of climate, environmental, and human rights impacts and listed four grounds for the suit: 1) the finance decision incorrectly found the project consistent with UK and Mozambique's Paris Agreement commitments; 2) the government failed to properly analyze consistency with Paris Agreement obligations; 3) the decision was unreasonable because of the government's failure to adequately investigate climate, biodiversity, and human rights impacts; and 4) defendants acted unlawfully by failing to notify and publish relevant information on the decision. 

In April 2021, the High Court granted Friends of the Earth permission to move forward with the case on the basis of the first and second grounds.

Case documents will be added as they become available.
Case documents

Related laws and policies
  • This law implements United Kingdom legislation
    Climate Change Act

    Passed in 2008 Legislative

    The Act provides a long-term framework to improve carbon management, to help the transition to a low carbon economy, encourage investment in low carbon goods and provide an international signal. The Act establishes a legally binding target for the UK to bring all greenhouse gas emissions to net z...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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