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United Arab Emirates

Federative (7 emirates)
Political Groups
G77, The Arab Group
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

Updated Second Nationally Determined Contribution of the United Arab Emirates, Nationally Determined Contribution from United Arab Emirates in 2022

, 2021

The UAE's Hydrogen Leadership Roadmap is a comprehensive national blueprint to support domestic low-carbon industries, contribute to the net-zero emissions ambition, and position the country as a competitive exporter of clean hydrogen, as stated in the Updated Second Nationally Determined Contribution of the United Arab Emirates.The Roadmap comprises three core objectives:...

, 2021

The National Water and Energy Demand Management Programme targets 40 per cent efficiency of the three most energy-consuming sectors in the UAE: transport, industry and construction. The programme includes three main pillars: Energy;Water; and Consumption rationalisation. Several initiatives will be launched to reduce energy consumption and realise the f...

, 2021

The UAE Sustainable Finance Framework aims to deepen cooperation between the public and private sectors and seeks to create an improved enabling environment to mainstream sustainable finance practices, resulting in greater volumes of climate- and green investments in the UAE. The Framework presents multiple recommendations to mitigate the private sector's risks and to...

, 2020

United Arab Emirates Second NDC, Nationally Determined Contribution from United Arab Emirates in 2020

  • Reduction of 31% in GHG emissions, measured in CO2eq, relative to BAU in 2030. BAU scenario emissions in 2030 are projected to be about 301.2 million tons, assuming a moderate annual linear sector specific growth rate in line with projected economic growth, national circumstance and historical trends. The BAU scenario includes all mitigation measures implemented prior to and during 2016.Economy-wide | Target year: 2030
  • By 2050, increase the renewable energy's contribution to the energy mix to 50%Energy: Renewable Energy | Target year: 2050Source: National Water and Energy Demand Management Programme
  • By 2050, reduce energy demand by 40% compared to BAUEnergy | Target year: 2050Source: National Water and Energy Demand Management Programme
  • Reduce CO2 emissions associated with water desalination process by 100 million metric tonsWater | Target year: 2036Source: UAE Water Security Strategy 2036
  • 24% clean energy share in the total energy mix by 2021Energy: Energy: General | Target year:

Legislative Process

The United Arab Emirates was established in 1971 as a federation of seven emirates – Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. They are governed by a Federal Constitution, which was made permanent in 1996.

The Federal Government structure comprises five bodies: the Federal Supreme Council, President, Council of Ministers, Federal National Council and Federal Judiciary.

The Federal Supreme Council (FSC), composed of the rulers of the seven emirates, is the highest legislative, executive, and constitutional authority in the land – it elects the President and the Vice-President, approves nomination of the Prime Minister, and ratifies federal laws and decrees. The Federal National Council, with forty members out of which half are elected for four-year term, serves in an advisory capacity. The last election was held in October 2015 and the next is expected for 2019.

The President has a wide range of legislative and executive powers, including signing laws, decrees and decisions approved and sanctioned by the Supreme Council, supervising their implementation through the Council of Ministers, and ratifying treaties and international agreements approved by the Supreme Council and Council of Ministers. The ruler of each emirate also has extensive, near-sovereign regulatory powers within the emirate.