National Climate Change Act 2021
The Act mandates the creation of a Framework Strategy on Climate Change, as well as a National Climate Action Plan and District Climate Action Plans. It also contains a series of provisions establishing a transparency framework and MRV system.
Section 9 of the Act permits the Minister responsible for Climate Change matters to develop further regulations regarding participation in climate change mechanisms such as emissions trading mechanisms, and section 23 allows the Minister to make further regulations regarding the responsibilities of private entities.
Part V of the Act relates to the institutional arrangements for governing climate change, creating a National Climate Change Advisory Committee to provide independent technical advice and clarifying the responsibilities of District and local governments with respect to climate change.
Article 26 concerns climate change litigation, containing broad provisions on standing to bring cases before the High Court against the Government, an individual, or private entity "whose action or omission threatens or is likely to threaten efforts towards adaptation to or mitigation of climate change".
5% GHG emission reduction by 2012 (below 1990 levels)