Turkey

Climate Change Action Plan 2011-2023

Executive
Plan
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2011
The Action Plan sets out a road map with short, medium and long-term plans for the fight against climate change encompassing all sectors of the economy.
 
 Overall the plan involves providing climate-friendly goals that underpin Turkey's growth. These include: strengthening the existing information structure on low carbon progress, and developing financing models for the transition to a low carbon economy. This is with the aim of improving the fiscal and technical infrastructure to enable the limitation of GHG emissions Some details of the extensive Plan are highlighted below:
 
 Energy
 The plan includes a number of measurable goals regarding energy supply, efficiency standards in residential and commercial buildings, and incentivising renewables. For example:
 - Reducing primary energy intensity by 10% compared to 2008 by 2015
 Limiting GHG emissions from coal-fired electricity production, by using cleaner technologies and taking efficiency-increasing measures by increasing the average cycle efficiencies of existing coal-fired thermal power plants until 2023
 - Issuing 'Energy Performance Certificates' to all buildings until 2017
 - Decreasing annual energy consumption in the buildings and premises of public institutions by 10% until 2015 and by 20% until 2023
 - At least 20% of the annual energy demand of new buildings will be met via renewable energy resources as of 2017
 - Reducing GHG emissions in new settlements by at least 10% in comparison with existing settlements (which are selected as pilot regions and the GHG emissions of which are identified until 2015) until 2023.
 
 Forestry
 - Increase forest carbon sequestration by 15% of 2007 value until 2020 ( 14,500 Gg by 2007, 16,700 Gg by 2020)
 - Reduce deforestation and forest damage by 20% compared to 2007 values by 2020
 
 Land use change
 - Integrate climate change in land use and land use changes management strategies by 2015
 - Increase the amount of sequestered carbon in agricultural forestry activities by 10% by 2020 compared to 2007 values
 - Quantify the carbon stored in pastures and meadows in 2012. Increase this by 3% by 2020
 
 Transportation
 The plan aims to ensure the balanced use of types of passenger and freight transportation, specifically:
 - Increasing the share of railroads in freight transportation from 5% in 2009 to 15%, and in passenger transportation from 2% in 2009 to 10% by 2023
 - Increasing by 2023, the share of seaways in freight transportation from 2.66% of tonne/km in 2009 to 10%, and in passenger transportation from 0.37% in passenger/km in 2009 to 4%,
 - Decreasing by 2023 the share of highways in freight transportation from 80.63% of tonne/km in 2009 to below 60%, and in passenger transportation from 89.59% in passenger/km in 2009 to 72%
 - Developing the necessary legislation, institutional structure and guidance documents until the end of 2023 for implementation of sustainable transportation planning in cities
 - Dissemination of the use of alternative fuels and clean vehicle technologies in the transportation sector by making legal arrangements and building capacity to increase use of alternative fuels and clean vehicles until 2023
 - Increasing efficiency in energy consumption of transportation sector by limiting energy consumption in transportation until 2023.
 
 Adaptation objectives:
 
 - Integrating adaptation to the impacts of climate change into water resource management policies
 
 - Strengthening water resources management capacity, interagency cooperation and coordination with regard to adaptation to climate change
 
 - Develop and expand R&D and scientific studies to ensure adaptation to the impacts of climate change in water resources management
 
 - Integrated management of water resources and water basins for adaptation to climate change
 
 - Planning renewable energy resources taking into consideration the impacts of climate change and the sustainability of the ecosystem services oriented to increase resilience to climate change

Documents
  • Increase the amount of sequestered carbon as a result of agricultural forestry activities by 10% by 2020 against a 2007 baseline
    LULUCF | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2007
  • Reduce nationwide electricity distribution losses to 8% by 2023 by 2023
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2023 | Base year: N/A
  • Decrease annual energy consumption in the buildings and premises of public institutions by 10% until 2015 and by 20% until 2023 by 2023
    Buildings | Base year target | Target year: 2023 | Base year: N/A
  • Reduce primary energy intensity by 10% compared to 2008 by 2015 against a 2008 baseline
    Energy | Intensity target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2008
  • Reduce deforestation and forest damage by 20% by 2020 against a 2007 baseline
    LULUCF | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2007
  • Identify the amount of sequestered carbon in pastures and meadows in 2012, and increase carbon stock 3% by 2020 against a 2012 baseline
    LULUCF | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012
  • Identify the existing carbon stock in wetlands in 2012, and maintain the level until 2020
    LULUCF | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012
  • Increase the amount of carbon sequestered in forests by 15% of the 2007 value by 2020 (14,500 Gg in 2007, 16,700 Gg in 2020) by 2020 against a 2007 baseline
    LULUCF | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2007
  • Identify the quantity of carbon stored in settlement areas in 2012, and increase stored carbon 3% by 2020 through green planting by 2020 against a 2012 baseline
    LULUCF | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012
  • Reduce the quantity of biodegradable wastes admitted to landfill sites by 75% in weight until 2015, by 50% until 2018 and by 35% until 2025 against a 2005 baseline
    Waste | Base year target | Target year: 2025 | Base year: 2005
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in new settlements by at least 10% per settlement in comparison to existing settlements by 2023
    Urban | Base year target | Target year: 2023 | Base year: N/A
  • Dispose 100% of municipal wastes in new integrated solid waste disposal facilities by 2023
    Waste | Fixed level target | Target year: 2023 | Base year: N/A
  • At least 20% of the annual energy demand of new buildings met via renewable energy resources by 2017
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2017 | Base year: N/A
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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