Trinidad and Tobago
National Environmental Policy
- Conservation and enhancement of natural ecosystems that serve as sinks or reservoirs of GHG (such as forests, coastal and marine wetland ecosystems)
- implementation of energy consumption tax and fuel tax on diesel
- Deposit or refund taxes for recycled beverage containers, tyres, batteries, fluorescent bulbs, appliances used oil and automobiles
- Introduction of solar PV and wind energy for domestic electricity generation in remote areas and communities
- Domestic water heating using solar thermal applications
- Assessment of the use of available renewable resources
- Introduction and application of appropriate standards to guide users of energy efficient technologies and energy regulations
- Implementation of regular GHG inventories
- Reuse of farm wastes (e.g. animal dung, post-harvest vegetative matter) in bio-gasification systems for the generation of electricity
- Development of air pollution legal regime.
As stipulated in the Environmental Management Act, National Environmental Policies are prepared by the Board of Directors of the Environmental Management Authority. This is the second National Environmental Policy after the 1997 draft (approved 1998). The Policy recognises the role of forestry and energy sector in the absorption and emission of CO2. Listed initiatives to manage GHGs include the following:
- Development and application of institutional mechanisms to support research and development of renewable energy resources
- Introduction and application of standards to guide users of technologies, energy regulations and environmental regulations
- Development of efficiency standards for technology to acceptable levels of pollution.