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Trinidad and Tobago

Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2019

The National Climate Change Policy provides policy guidance to develop administrative and legislative framework for the pursuance of the country's low carbon development through suitable and relevant climate strategies including sectoral and cross sectoral adaptation and mitigation measures. The Policy will be revised every five years with public review to determine effect...

, 2016

This document sets the country's development vision to 2030. The fifth theme centres on sustainable development and environmental protection. Its goals notably focus on improved climate resilience, improved energy efficiency, increased share of renewables in the energy mix, population's awareness, assessment of climate vulnerability, and a reduction of the carbon footprint...

, 2011

This Policy outlines the government's intent on the socio-economic transformation that needs to take place in order to commit for the'Prosperity for All'. The seven development pillars for sustainable development are: - People-centred development - Poverty eradication and social justice - National and personal security - Information and communication technologies - A more ...

, 2011

This Policy addresses the need for new legislation and revisions of the following legislation to put the National Forest Policy into effect: - Environmental Management Act - Forest Act - Sawmills Act - Conservation of Wildlife Act - other key relevant laws and regulations.  This Policy is formulated based on the understanding of relations...

, 2006

The Plan sets out the strategies and development initiatives for Tobago for a period of four years. Proposals include the following: - Full devolution of national agencies such as the Environmental Management Authority and the Town and Country Planning Division to the THA - Establishment of electricity generation plant to produce ultra-high quality and reliable electricity...

  • 15% (equivalent of 103,000,000 tCO2e) reduction in GHG emissions from power generation, transportation and industrial sectors by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario; 30% (or 1,700,000 tCO2e) (unconditional) reduction in GHG emissions from public transport by December 31, 2030 compared to 2013Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030
  • -30% below BAUTransportation: Transport: General | Target year:

Legislative Process

Trinidad and Tobago is a unitary republic, which gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962. Legislative power is vested in the bicameral Parliament, which is based on the Westminster system and consists of the Senate (Upper House) and the House of Representatives (Lower House). Among the 31 members of the Senate, 16 are appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister, 6 on the Opposition Leader’s advice, and 9 Independent Senators are appointed by the President to represent other sectors of civil society. The 41 members of the House of Representatives are elected every five years by the public. The last national level election for the House of Representatives took place in 2010 and the next election is expected to take place in 2015. The President is both the Head of State and Commander in Chief of the Armed forces. The President is elected for a five-year term by secret ballot of the Electoral College, which consists of all Members of Parliament. The responsibility of the President includes the assenting to bills and appointment of the Prime Minister, Senators and other officials. The last presidential election took place in 2013, and the next election is expected to take place in 2018.

The Ministry of Local Government oversees municipal implementations to “convey the policy perspectives and guidelines of the central government”. In Trinidad, there are 14 Municipal Corporations (2 city, 3 borough and 9 regional corporations) responsible for local affairs and implementations within the island. The Tobago House of Assembly (THA) is the local government body created by the Constitution for the “purpose of making better provision for the administration of the Island of Tobago and for matters connected therewith”, which carries out some responsibilities of the central government. Tobago is administered as a single county and it consists of 12 local electoral districts with each district electing one member to the THA.

The draft of a legislative proposal is called a Bill, and there are two types of Bills: private Bills, related to private rights or interest of particular persons; and public Bills, also known as government Bills, which are related to public interest. A government Bill can be introduced by either house, and must be approved by the Cabinet prior to its introduction in Parliament. Bills should be approved by each House by majority of those present and voting; for constitutional amendments, three quarters or two thirds of the votes of the Members are required in each House, depending on the nature of the Constitutional amendment required. Once the Bill passes both Houses, it is presented to the President for assent or approval. Assent of the President formally converts the Bill into an Act of Parliament.