Tanzania

National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21

Executive
Plan
Passed in 2016
The National Five Year Development Plan released in 2016 by the Ministry of Finance and Planning is a broad document setting the government's vision for development over the period 2016/17 to 2020/21. It identifies climate change as a further challenge to successfully implement development policies, notably due to induced distractions of infrastructure, loss of productivity in agriculture, and disease outbreaks. Both mitigation and adaptation are explicit policy goals, including supporting research programs to improve and develop new technologies, agronomic practices, information collection and dissemination for early warning.

The document promotes renewable energy technologies, including biogas, liquefied petroleum gas, solar energy as well as geothermal and wind. It further acknowledges that alternative sources of renewable energy production are being developed, which is an encouraging trend given the increasing unpredictability of weather and the growing negative impact of climate change for hydro generation.

Key targets to attain by 2020 include 1) accrued share of GDP to 10 % obtained from sustainable forestry, water and marine resources, 2) proportion of energy derived from renewable energy to 50 %, 3) increased natural forest cover by 130,000 Ha, and 100 million trees planted country wide, 4) 60% reduction in charcoal consumption in urban areas, 5) increasing the proportion of districts with climate change and disaster risk reduction strategies to 60%.

An array of targets are detailed (p. 59) as following:




















Indicator/Target







2014/15







2020/21







2025/26









1.







Natural Resource Management












1.1.







Share of GDP accruing from sustainable utilization of forest, water and marine resources (%), current prices







TBD







10%







20%









1.2.







Proportion of energy derived from renewable green energy (%)







36%







50%







70%









1.3.







Area of natural forest cover (Ha)







240,000







130,000







200,000









1.4.







No. of important natural water sources in the 9 natural ecosystem/water Basins identi ed and protected







158







1000%







10000%









1.5.







Proportion of operational national programes or sector plans incorporating sustainable production and consumption of environment and natural resources standards (%)







TBC







70%







100%









1.6.







Reduction in incidences of illegal shing in lakes and marine ecosystems (%)







80%







60%







0%









1.7.







No. of deaths and missing persons affected by natural disasters







3,547







2,837







2,128









2.







Environment












2.1.







No. of ha of commercial forest plantations established







554,000







925,000







1,850,000









2.2.







Reduction in charcoal consumption in urban areas (%)







90%







60%







30%









2.3.







Proportion of large projects complying with approved EIA and audit regulations (%)







TBC







60%







90%









3.







Climate Change












3.1.







Proportion of districts with climate change and disaster risk reduction strategies (%)







0







60%







100%






















A National Climate Fund is created to access and manage global climate change finance (including Green Climate Fund - GCF, Least Developed Countries Fund LDCF etc.) and facilitating access to the Global Climate Fund. Besides, development objectives stated internationally must be tied to climate change targets.




Documents
  • 130,000 ha increased national forest cover by 2020 against a 2015 baseline
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2015
  • 50% energy from renewable by 2020
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020
  • 6% non-hydro renewable of power generated by 2015
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2015
  • 60% districts have climate change and risk reduction strategies by 2020
    Disaster Risk Management (Drm) | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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