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National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2016
The National Five Year Development Plan released in 2016 by the Ministry of Finance and Planning is a broad document setting the government's vision for development over the period 2016/17 to 2020/21. It identifies climate change as a further challenge to successfully implement development policies, notably due to induced distractions of infrastructure, loss of productivity in agriculture, and disease outbreaks. Both mitigation and adaptation are explicit policy goals, including supporting research programs to improve and develop new technologies, agronomic practices, information collection and dissemination for early warning.
The document promotes renewable energy technologies, including biogas, liquefied petroleum gas, solar energy as well as geothermal and wind. It further acknowledges that alternative sources of renewable energy production are being developed, which is an encouraging trend given the increasing unpredictability of weather and the growing negative impact of climate change for hydro generation.
 Key targets to attain by 2020 include 1) accrued share of GDP to 10 % obtained from sustainable forestry, water and marine resources, 2) proportion of energy derived from renewable energy to 50 %, 3) increased natural forest cover by 130,000 Ha, and 100 million trees planted country wide, 4) 60% reduction in charcoal consumption in urban areas, 5) increasing the proportion of districts with climate change and disaster risk reduction strategies to 60%.
 A National Climate Fund is created to access and manage global climate change finance (including Green Climate Fund - GCF, Least Developed Countries Fund LDCF etc.) and facilitating access to the Global Climate Fund. Besides, development objectives stated internationally must be tied to climate change targets.


  • 60% districts have climate change and risk reduction strategies by 2020
    Disaster Risk Management (Drm) | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020
  • 6% non-hydro renewable of power generated by 2015
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2015
  • 50% energy from renewable by 2020
    Energy | Base year target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020
  • 130,000 ha increased national forest cover by 2020 against a 2015 baseline
    LULUCF | Fixed level target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2015
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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