National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21
The document promotes renewable energy technologies, including biogas, liquefied petroleum gas, solar energy as well as geothermal and wind. It further acknowledges that alternative sources of renewable energy production are being developed, which is an encouraging trend given the increasing unpredictability of weather and the growing negative impact of climate change for hydro generation.
Key targets to attain by 2020 include 1) accrued share of GDP to 10 % obtained from sustainable forestry, water and marine resources, 2) proportion of energy derived from renewable energy to 50 %, 3) increased natural forest cover by 130,000 Ha, and 100 million trees planted country wide, 4) 60% reduction in charcoal consumption in urban areas, 5) increasing the proportion of districts with climate change and disaster risk reduction strategies to 60%.
An array of targets are detailed (p. 59) as following:
Natural Resource Management
Share of GDP accruing from sustainable utilization of forest, water and marine resources (%), current prices
Proportion of energy derived from renewable green energy (%)
Area of natural forest cover (Ha)
No. of important natural water sources in the 9 natural ecosystem/water Basins identi ed and protected
Proportion of operational national programes or sector plans incorporating sustainable production and consumption of environment and natural resources standards (%)
Reduction in incidences of illegal shing in lakes and marine ecosystems (%)
No. of deaths and missing persons affected by natural disasters
No. of ha of commercial forest plantations established
Reduction in charcoal consumption in urban areas (%)
Proportion of large projects complying with approved EIA and audit regulations (%)
Proportion of districts with climate change and disaster risk reduction strategies (%)
A National Climate Fund is created to access and manage global climate change finance (including Green Climate Fund - GCF, Least Developed Countries Fund LDCF etc.) and facilitating access to the Global Climate Fund. Besides, development objectives stated internationally must be tied to climate change targets.
130,000 ha increased national forest cover by 2020 against a 2015 baseline
50% energy from renewable by 2020
6% non-hydro renewable of power generated by 2015
60% districts have climate change and risk reduction strategies by 2020