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Political Groups
LDC, G77
World Bank Income Group
Low income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2021

United Republic of Tanzania First NDC (Updated submission), Nationally Determined Contribution from Tanzania in 2021

, 2018

This Plan aims at making the Tanzanian health system resilient to climate change, by mainstreaming adaptation efforts into health policies. It focuses on vector-borne diseases, nutrition, water-related diseases and disasters (flood and drought frequency). The Plan sets a long-term target and a five-year implementation strategy. The Plan also seeks to 1) guide health pract...

, 2018

United Republic of Tanzania First NDC (Archived), Nationally Determined Contribution from Tanzania in 2018

, 2016

This Act establishes the Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) as a body corporate and provides with respect to its functions, powers, administration, etc. The Act also establishes the Agricultural Research Development Fund and provides for registration of agricultural research projects and service providers. A person shall not provide or carry out agricultural r...

, 2016

The National Five Year Development Plan released in 2016 by the Ministry of Finance and Planning is a broad document setting the government's vision for development over the period 2016/17 to 2020/21. It identifies climate change as a further challenge to successfully implement development policies, notably due to induced distractions of infrastructure, loss of productivit...

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions economy-wide between 30 - 35% relative to the Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario by 2030, whereby about 138 - 153 Million tons of Carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e)-gross emissions is expected to be reduced, depending on the baseline efficiency improvements, consistent with its sustainable development agenda. The emissions reduction is subject to review after the First Biennial Update Report (BUR) and Updated GHG inventory in the country. From 2016 iNDC: Between 10%-20% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario (138-153 MtCO2e gross emissions)Economy-wide | Target year: 2030
  • 130,000 ha increased national forest cover by 2020 against a 2015 baselineLULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2020Source: National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21
  • 50% energy from renewable by 2020Energy: Renewable Energy | Target year: 2020Source: National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21
  • 6% non-hydro renewable of power generated by 2015Energy: Renewable Energy: Hydro | Target year: 2015Source: National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21
  • 60% districts have climate change and risk reduction strategies by 2020Disaster Risk Management (Drm): Disaster Preparedness | Target year: 2020Source: National Five Year Development Plan 2016/17 - 2020/21

Legislative Process

Tanzania is a unitary presidential democratic republic, with legislative power vested in both its government and its unicameral National Assembly. The Assembly has up to 357 members, 239 of which are elected by popular vote, 102 are women appointed by the president, 5 are members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives, 1 is filled by the Attorney General and up to 10 additional members may be appointed by the president. All members serve five-year terms. Additionally, Zanzibar’s House of Representatives, composed of 50 popularly elected members who serve 5-year terms, has exclusive jurisdiction over Zanzibar. The last election was in October 2015 and the next is expected for 2020.

There are two types of Bills: Government Bills and Private Members’ Bills. Government Bills are introduced by a Minister or Attorney-General. Private Members’ Bills are introduced by an MP who is not a minister or Attorney-general (a private member of the National Assembly). Before a Government Bill is introduced, it passes through a process of consultation and decision-making at the Ministerial level, Permanent Secretaries level, and finally the cabinet.

Bills are published in at least two issues of the official government gazette before being read to the Assembly. For Government Bills, this process can be foregone if a certificate authorised by the President is laid on the table of the Assembly by a Minister or the Attorney-General stating that the relevant bill is so unusually urgent that time does not permit for compliance with the prescribed procedure.

Upon the first reading of each bill, it is referred to the appropriate Standing Committee for consideration. Committees have no power to amend bills, but may request that the Minister responsible for the bill introduces amendments in the Assembly. When the Committee has concluded its considerations, the draft text is subjected to a general debate by members. When approved by the majority of MPs, the bill is submitted to the President for his assent, and upon gaining it, becomes an Act of Parliament. If the President withholds his assent, he must return the bill to the Assembly, stating his reasons. In order for it to be re-submitted to the President, it must be supported by the votes of at least two-thirds of the Members of the Assembly within six months. The President is required to approve the Bill within 21 days, or dissolve Parliament and call for a new general election.