Law No.228 on Protection of the Atmospheric Air (Law on Air Protection)
The purpose of this law is to regulate the activities of individuals and entities associated with the emissions of pollutants into the air. It aims to: preserve, improve and restore the atmospheric air; prevent and reduce the chemical, physical, biological and other harmful impacts on the air; ensure the rational use of atmospheric air; strengthen the rule of law in the field of air; and to ensure environmental safety. The basic principles stipulated under this law are as follows: economic and other activities leading to emissions must meet the valid requirements; payment should be made for economic and other activities leading to emissions of pollutants; air quality needs to be standardised; air pollution and harmful impacts on the environment should be prevented; measures to protect air quality are supported by scientific knowledge and a systematic and integrated approach; information on air quality and measures of impacts on air quality should be accessible; and violations of this law as a result of economic and other activities face penalties.
Target gases include nitrogen, oxygen, rare gases, carbon dioxide, ozone and other gases. This law provides that any emission (termed as entry of the gas substance into the air that leads to negative changes in air quality (includes long term adverse impact on environment) is subject for this law. This law indicates a creation of air quality standards, norms of permissible emissions of pollutants into the air and permissible standard of emission limits. This law regulates state bodies, legal entities and individuals engaged in economic and other activities related to emissions of pollutants and also persons with motor vehicles. Penalties include payments for emissions that exceed established standards for maximum permitted emissions and charges for accidental releases to the air.
Chapter 24 is dedicated to the protection of climate and ozone layer, which calls for: compliance to the standards of maximum permissible emissions that affect climate and ozone layer; reduction of greenhouse gas emission; sanctions against any breaches; and performance of any other activities stipulated under this law.