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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Low income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2021

This document notably aims to improve the database on climate change and disaster risk management with the possibility of assessing gender-sensitive indicators in this area (art. 54). It mandates the organisation of training sessions for employees of departments and sectors for women and family affairs of local executive bodies of state power of cities and districts, chair...

, 2021

According to the country's updated NDC, the Medium-Term Development Program of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2021-2025 (MDP 2021-2025), adopted by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on April 30, 2021, under Decree No. 168, has a special section is devoted to environmental protection, climate change and natural disasters. The adoption of NSACC strengthens the mec...

, 2019

This strategy was approved by the governmental Order 482/2019. It lays out a risk assessment of the sudden and prolonged adverse effects of climate change in the country, with a particular focus on agriculture and land use. The document details sectoral adaptation actions to undertake.

, 2018

The national strategy consists in building a national capacity to manage natural disasters. Several measures are proposed : 1) an evaluation of the risks, 2) a creation of national and local databases about natural disasters, 3) rethinking infrastructure construction. 

, 2016

Issues of natural disasters risk management system and the effective management of natural resources are  an integral part of this Strategy. It singles out the revitalisation of activities aimed at resource saving and adaptation to climate change and taking into account the provisions of Sendai framework program for natural disasters risk reduction. The document also ...

  • The unconditional contribution (NDC) of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Tajikistan is not to exceed 60-70% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as of 1990, which is the reference year, by 2030. The conditional contribution (NDC), subject to a significant international funding and technology transfer, is not to exceed 50-60% GHG emissions as of 1990 by 2030.Economy-wide | Target year: 2030
  • Not exceeding 80-90% (amounts to 1.7-2.2 tCO2e per capita) (unconditional) of 1990 level by 2030; achieve 65-75% (amounts to 1.2-1.7 tCO2e per capita) (conditional) of 1990 level by 2030Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030

Legislative Process

Tajikistan is a democratic, secular and unitary state, as established by the Constitution, which was adopted in 1994 (amended in 1999 and 2003). Tajikistan is a bicameral parliamentary democracy. The highest legal power lies upon the Constitution, and the supreme legislative body is the Supreme Assembly, which consists of the lower Assembly of Representatives and the upper National Assembly. The Parliament is elected for five years. The Assembly of Representative consists of 63 seats and is selected by direct elections. 22 seats are selected by proportional representation and 41 seats by single-seat constituencies. The National Assembly consists of 33 seats and 25 seats are elected by local deputies and 8 seats are appointed by the President. Former presidents are entitled to be life-long members of the National Assembly. The last parliamentary election for the Council of Representatives was in March 2015. The next election are expected to take place in 2020.

The executive power is vested in the President, who is elected every seven years for a maximum two terms. Laws and resolutions are adopted by a parliamentary majority vote, and laws are presented to the President for signature. Parliament adopts constitutional laws, laws and resolutions, the President adopts decrees and orders and the Cabinet of Ministers adopts governmental resolutions and orders. Laws can be turned down by the President within 15 days, but the President must sign if the two-thirds of the Parliament votes for the previously adopted decision. Presidential decrees are asserted by the Assembly of Representatives. The legal system is based on civil law, and therefore there is no judicial review of legislative acts. The Prime Minister and other ministers are appointed by the President, and the Parliament can override presidential decrees by a two-thirds majority. The last presidential election took place in November, 2013 also overseen by the OSCE; the next election will take place in 2020.