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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

Sweden's Adaptation communication, Adaptation Communication from Sweden in 2022

, 2022

This document is a foundation for further work on developing Sweden's action on methane. This, in turn is interlinked with the process of developing Sweden's forthcoming climate action plan that follows from the regulations set out in the climate policy framework.This Action Plan sets out the sources and projections of methane emissions in Sweden. It then delineates the na...

, 2022

Through this statement to parliament, Sweden's new Prime Minister transposes the coalition's political agreement into government policy. Among other things, the document formally changes Sweden’s climate targets from achieving “100% renewable energy” to “100% fossil free energy” so that the government can pursue its nuclear ambitions. The commitment to retain the net zero ...

, 2022

Sweden. 2022 National Inventory Report (NIR), National Inventory Report from Sweden in 2022

, 2022

This regulation provides companies who produce biogas the possibility to apply for the production support for biogas that is upgraded to biomethane in gas or liquid form with such quality that is required for gas grids. The Swedish Energy Agency is responsible for administrating the grant.

  • Sweden will achieve carbon neutrality by 2045Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2045Source: The Swedish Climate Policy Framework
  • Net zero by 2045 and then negative emissionsEconomy-wide | Target year: 2045Source: Sweden’s Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan
  • Reduce emissions from sectors covered by the EU Effort Sharing Regulation by at least 75% by 2040 compared with a 1990 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2040Source: Climate Act
  • Reduce emissions from sectors covered by the EU Effort Sharing Regulation by at least 63% by 2030 compared with a 1990 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030Source: Climate Act
  • 40 percent reduction in GHG emissions (non EU ETS sectors) by 2020 against a 1990 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2020Source: An Integrated Climate and Energy Policy

Legislative Process

The Kingdom of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with the Monarch serving as the head of State. In practice, however, it is a parliamentary democracy in which the government is constitutionally formed and led by the Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister is appointed by the 349-member Parliament, which is, in turn, elected by popular vote. All members of the Parliament are elected to serve four-year terms and the most recent election was in September 2014. Sweden has had a unicameral parliament since 1971.

Both the Government and private members of the Parliament have the authority to introduce legislation, which is first tabled by the Speaker of the Parliament and assigned to one of 15 Parliamentary Committees for consideration. The specific committee then studies and reports back to the Parliament regarding the legislation in question via a committee report. Following the committee report, the legislation may be subject to a plenary meeting, which involves member debate or debate is forgone in the event of unanimous approval. In order to be approved, legislation must be assented to by a majority of the members of the Parliament. Once approved, legislation is sent to the Government for implementation. Governmental ministries not only implement policies, but also serve as expert bodies throughout the legislative process.