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Spain's integrated National Energy and Climate Plan for 2021-2030

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2020
The National Energy and Climate (ENCP) Plan is a ten-year integrated document mandated by the European Union to each of its member states in order for the EU to meet its overall greenhouse gases emissions targets.  The Energy and Climate Plan addresses all five dimensions of the EU Energy Union: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy markets and research, innovation and competitiveness. 

The plan sets out the following objectives: 1)  to become a carbon-neutral country by 2050 by decreasing the gross total GHG emissions in the electricity, transport, industry sectors ; 
2) to promote energy efficiency thanks to the penetration of renewable energy in final energy consumption, efficiency measures to the transport, industry and building sectors, energy saving targets; 3) to ensure energy security by the diversification of the national energy mix, the use of indigenous sources and increase the flexibility of the national energy system; 
4) interconnectivity, energy transmission infrastructure, integration of the internal energy market; 5) to strengthen technology transfers, promote public-private partnership and business research and innovationm, etc.

The government released a second version of the plan in September 2020.


  • To reduce by 23% the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to 1990. 
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • To increase by 42% the share of renewables in energy end-use.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • To increase by 74% the share of renewable energy in electricity generation.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • To increase by 39.5% the energy efficiency.
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • Public/administrative buildings to be powered by 100% renewable energy by 2025
    Energy | Target year: 2025
  • Reduce GHG emissions by 23% relative to 1990 levels
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions in non-ETS sectors by 26% by 2030 compared to 2005.
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • the non- ETS sectors as a whole will have to contribute a reduction of approximately 39% compared to 2005 levels through the measures proposed.
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • 35% of current car owners to switch to non-emitting vehicles by 2030
    Transport | Target year: 2030
  • The target for this measure is 2,221.4 ktoe of cumulative final energy savings in the 2021-2030 period, out of a total 13,888 ktoe that represents the total for the transport sector.
    Transport | Target year: 2021
  • Improve energy efficiency by 39.5% relative to baseline of community regulations
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • The ENPE also sets a target for each of the EPOV indicators: to fall by at least 25% by 2025, seeking to go further and reach 50% of their current values.
    Energy | Target year: 2025
  • the total investments needed to achieve the INECP targets will amount to EUR 241 billion (€ bn) between 2021 and 2030
    Finance | Target year: 2021

Related litigation cases

  • Greenpeace v. Spain II

    Opened in 2021 Filing

    On May 28, 2021, Greenpeace Spain, Oxfam Intermón, Ecologistas en Acción, and Coordinadora de ONG para el Desarrollo filed suit alleging that the Government of Spain's climate plan was insufficient to meet Paris Agreement goals and the 1.5C temperature target. In March 2021, Spain approved the Na...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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