Slovakia

National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Slovak Republic, Resolution of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 1989/2001

Executive
Decree/Order/Ordinance
Passed in 2001
The Strategy includes the National Environmental Strategy. Among the strategic targets, three are directly related to climate change and include reduced energy consumption, increase of share of renewable resources and alleviation of consequences of the global climate change.

For the 'Reduction of energy and resource consumption and increase of effectiveness of the Slovak economy' the objectives include:
- systematic reduction of energy demand in the national economy, to a level in line with other EU countries
- implementation of long-term change of production and consumption patterns in interest of reduction of energy and material flows and subsequent reduction of waste amounts
- application of economic tools in the area of the environment - solution of environmental debt, pollution charges, support of ecological literacy and eco-design
- introduction of environmental tax reform - creation of economic environment respecting and stimulating protection of the environment, natural resources and modest consumer behaviour
- stimulation of reasonably sufficient consumption of resources and goods, minimisation of energy and resource demand for production
- support of growth of effectiveness of resource utilisation and orientation to closed production and consumption cycles
- support of local economy, introduction of alternative economic indicators, environmental and social audit
- introduction of a system of internalisation of externalities in prices of products, services and production - to include environmental and social costs in product prices
- ensuring gradual removal of environmental and other internal debts from the past
- support of nature-friendly approaches in utilisation of natural resources as a substitute for utilisation of nature-unfriendly technocratic and large-scale production ways of management

For the 'Reduction of share of use of non-renewable natural resources and rational use of renewable resources' the objectives include:
- ensuring environmentally sound long-term use of natural resources (to achieve maintenance or regeneration of natural resources)
- harmonisation of use of non-renewable mineral resources with natural conditions and the potential of the Slovak territory and wider international relations - to carry out a new mineral resources policy
- gradual reduction of use of non-renewable sources of energy and mineral resources, reduction of resource and energy inputs and losses, rational use of all kinds of energy
- reduction of development of nuclear energy, gradual building of alternative energy sources
- ensuring a substantial increase of use of renewable sources of energy - in particular geothermal and solar energy
- improvement of structure of utilisation of hydropower potential through increase of share of small hydropower plants with output up to 1 MW
- introduction of efficient legal instruments and creation of proper economic conditions for production of energy from renewable sources, development of support technologies
- ensuring environmentally sound use of water resources and water management adjustments - integrated river basin management in relation with agricultural and forestry measures, rational use of sources in accordance with requirements of nature and landscape protection

For the 'Alleviation of consequences of the global climate change, depletion of the ozone layer and natural disasters' the objectives include:
- permanent monitoring and evaluation of the main macroclimatic and hydrological parameters in relation to global climate change
- projection of expected results of global climate change and their hydrological consequences to sectoral policies (in particular water management, agriculture and forestry, but also other sectors and social area), practical application of measures to eliminate negative impacts
- creation of an integrated system of prevention and liquidation of consequences of natural disasters'.

Documents
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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