Rwanda

Green Growth and Climate Resilience - National Strategy on Climate Change and Low Carbon Development

Executive
Strategy
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2011
The Strategy seeks to meet development goals while reducing the country's vulnerability through mitigation and adaptation. The key mitigation strategies are: promoting geothermal power generation, with an estimated potential of 700 MW, enough to meet all of Rwanda's demand if implemented by 2020; integrated soil fertility management, which would cut use of inorganic fertilisers, improve soil structure and the water retention capacity of soil; and high density walkable cities, fighting anticipated trends of energy-intensive urban sprawl on hilly terrain.
 
 Key adaptation elements are irrigation infrastructure, which will reduce uncertainty regarding rainfall variation; a robust road network to mitigate loss of food during transportation to markets and to ensure access during extreme weather events; the establishment of a centre for climate knowledge for development; and development of agroforestry.
 
 The strategy calls for existing programmes to be used to make quick advances - the Integrated Development Programme (IDP) to facilitate implementation of climate-resilient low-carbon development in rural areas; the National Fund for Climate and Environment (FONERWA) to facilitate access to international climate finance, especially Fast Start Finance for adaptation; implementing measuring and reporting of cross-sectoral energy use for planning and international reporting purposes; setting up an online Climate Portal to communicate the National Strategy to the public and the international community.
 
 Nine working papers have been produced: Cities and the Built Environment Sector; Water Sector; Agriculture Sector; Energy Sector; Finance Sector; Forests and Tree-based Systems Sector; Land Sector; Mining Sector; Transportation Sector.

Documents
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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