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Political Groups
LDC, G77
World Bank Income Group
Low income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2018

This Law determines modalities for protecting, conserving and promoting the environment against climate change.The law establishes 1) the conservation and the protection of the natural environment (soil, water resources, biodiversity, atmosphere, etc), 2) obligations to the state, decentralised entities and local communities with regard to the protection and promotion of e...

, 2017

The 7 year strategy, adopted in 2017, sets out the Government of Rwanda's plans for achieving its 2020 and 2050 Vision's for economic development. Climate Change is highlighted as a priority cross-cutting area in the strategy. The strategy is aimed at informing sectoral and district level strategies, that will enable Rwanda to achieve its development goals.The strategy foc...

, 2013

This strategy covers a five year period (2013 - 2018) and it was developed to implement the second phase of the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy with the aim of achieving the revised targets of Vision 2020. The Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) Sector and District strategies will contribute to the achievement of the four thematic areas and will mai...

, 2013

This National Disaster Risk Management Plan is the guiding document for addressing disaster risk management in Rwanda. The document pursues the mission and goals of disaster management laid down by the National Disaster Management Policy 2012. The plan is to be used by all government and non-government sectors as the basis for developing their own sub-plans, systems and ar...

, 2013

Law no 63/2013 determines the mission, organisation and functioning of the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA). The Authority shall have legal personality, administrative and financial autonomy and shall be governed in accordance with laws governing public institutions. This Law repeals Law n0 16/2006 of 03-Apr-06 which determined the organization, functi...

  • Reduction in wood use resulting in 5.77 MtCO2e less emissions by 2030LULUCF: Sustainable Forest Management | Target year: 2030
  • 30% forest cover of national land area by 2020LULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2020Source: Rwanda Vision 2020
  • Emission reductions by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario, not quantified reduction target mentioned.Economy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030
  • 35,000 installation of domestic biogas digesters by 2030; 50% increase in charcoal production by 2030Energy: Renewable Energy: Biofuels | Target year: 2030
  • 100 solar PV mini-grids in rural areas (capacity of up to 9.4 MWp)Energy: Mini Grids | Target year:

Legislative Process

Rwanda is a presidential republic with a legal system based on German and Belgian civil law systems and customary law. The president is head of the govern­ment and head of the state. The parliament is bicameral and comprises the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate has 26 members, some of whom are appointed and some elected for an eight-year term. The Chamber of Deputies has 80 members, who are elected for five years. The current legislature periods of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate are 2013–2018 and 2011–2019 respectively.

The constitution of 2003 is the supreme law. International treaties ratified by Rwanda come second in the legislative hierarchy, followed by organic laws (which require a special majority), ordinary laws (requiring a regular majority) and Orders by the President, Prime Minister, and Ministers.

The main legislative organ is the Parliament, although the President has legislative powers as well. Laws can be initiated by the Chamber of Deputies or by the cabinet. The president of the Chamber of Deputies then passes the proposals to a permanent commission. Proposals are debated in detail in the plenary session and then voted on. The President has the authority to request a second examination by parliament of organic laws and ordinary laws after they have been voted on. If no re-examination is requested (or after it has been re-examined), the President promulgates the law within 30 days.