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Recovery and resilience plan for Romania

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2021
 To benefit from the support of the Recovery and Resilience Facility set up by the EU in the aftermath of the COVID-19-induced economic crisis, Member States submit their recovery and resilience plans to the European Commission. Each plan sets out the reforms and investments to be implemented by end-2026 and Member States can receive financing up to a previously agreed allocation. Each plan should effectively address challenges identified in the European Semester, particularly the country-specific recommendations of 2019 and 2020 adopted by the Council. It should also advance the green and digital transitions and make Member States’ economies and societies more resilient. The Commission validates the plan after which it effectively enters in force and EU subsidies can start flowing towards the member state. As of March 28th, 2022, the Implementing Decision has not been released.

of the plan’s total allocation for reforms and investments supports climate objectives. 
  •  Railway modernisation: modernising railway infrastructure, including electrified or zero-emission railways and rolling stock. €3.9 billion
  • Urban mobility: infrastructure for a green and more secure urban transport. €1.8 billion
  • Clean energy production: phasing-out of coal and lignite power production, deployment of renewables as well as related production processes, and hydrogen. €855 million
  •  Energy efficiency of buildings: energy-efficient renovation and seismic renovation of buildings to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 0.15 million tons in private buildings and 0.075 million tons in public buildings. €2.7 billion
  • Biodiversity and environmental protection: afforestation and reforestation and forest nurseries, as well as other biodiversity measures for ecological reconstruction and species protection. €1.1 billion

In its plan, Romania indicates that it aims to exit coal by 2032, and that it will legislate on the future of mines, jobs and socio-economic support by mid 2022.


  • exit coal by 2032
    Energy | Fixed level target | Target year: 2032 | Base year: 2021
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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