Pakistan

Pakistan 2025: One Nation, One Vision

Executive
Road Map/Vision/Agenda
Passed in 2014
This document presents the country's strategy and road-map to reach national goals and aspirations. The ultimate goal envisioned is for Pakistan to be one of the 10 largest economies in the world by 2047. The following pillars of the vision meet elements of the millennium development goals (MDGs) and sustainable development goals (SDGs):
- People first: developing social and human capital and empowering women
- Growth: sustained, indigenous, and inclusive growth
- Governance: democratic governance - institutional reform and modernisation of the public sector
- Security: energy, water and food security
- Entrepreneurship: private sector and entrepreneurship-led growth
- Knowledge economy: developing a competitive knowledge economy through value addition
- Connectivity: modernising transport infrastructure and regional connectivity.

While the overall direction of the document is development of the country, climate change is considered as one of the challenges the country would face that requires mitigation and adaptation. Pakistan's vulnerabilities are seen as an important challenge of its transition towards a high level of sustained growth. Following vulnerabilities and challenges are mentioned in the document:
- Water security: current water availability is less than 1,100 cubic meters per person, down from 5,000 cubic meters in 1951; Pakistan's water storage capacity is limited to 30 days
- Food security: Pakistan ranks 76th of the 107 countries on the Global Food Security Index
- Glacial melt: Indus basin (water reservoir) affected by the glaciers in the Hindukush-Karakoram and Himalayas
- Biodiversity threat caused by climate change: habitat destruction and alteration, biotechnology (such as basmati rice, turmeric and neem) and threats of genetically modified seeds and germplasm to indigenous species
- Energy security: alternative energy
- Institutions that favour the status quo
- Infrastructure bottleneck.

The Vision 2025 stands upon the target fulfilment of the MDGs and SDGs by 2030. The document also sets out 25 goals in accordance to the 7 pillars. The goals that are related to the purpose of this study are as follows:
- Double power generation to over 45,000MW, to provide uninterrupted and affordable electricity
- Increase access to electricity from 67% to 90% of the population
- Improve generation mix (15%) and reduce distribution losses (10%) to reduce average cost per unit by over 25%
- Increase the share of indigenous sources of power generation to over 50%
- Address demand management by increasing usage of energy efficient appliances and products to 80%
- Increase water storage capacity to 90 days
- Improve water use efficiency in agriculture by 20%
- Ensure access to clean drinking water for all citizens
- Reduce food insecure population from 60% to 30%.

Documents
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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