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Federative (36 states, 1 federal capital territory)
Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Lower middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

In August 2022 the government of Nigeria launched a new Energy Transition Plan, which seeks to use a data driven approach to generate new funding and investment opportunities for the energy transition in Nigeria, in line with Nigeria's goal of achieving Carbon Neutrality by 2060.The plan sets out emissions reduction pathways and investment needs to achieve emissions reduct...

, 2021

The Climate Change bill was signed into law by the President Buhari in November 2021 in order to provide Nigeria with a legal framework for the country to achieve its climate goals, achieve long-term social and economic sustainability, and resilience. Following the President's commitment made at the COP 26 in Glasgow of achieving net zero by 2060, the Act enacts an overarc...

, 2021

This plan succeeds to the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (2017-2020) in order to implement the government's 2050 agenda over the period 2021-2025. It focuses on economic growth and development, infrastructure, public administration, human capital development, social development and regional development. It notably seeks to increase awareness to climate issues, boos...

, 2021

Nigeria's Adaptation Communication, Adaptation Communication from Nigeria in 2021

, 2021

Nigeria. Biennial update report (BUR). BUR2., Biennial Update Report from Nigeria in 2021

  • The law sets a target for net zero GHG emissions for year 2050 - 2070. The President made a commitment at the COP 26 in Glasgow to achieve net zero by 2060Economy-wide | Target year: 2060Source: Nigeria's Climate Change Act
  • Conditional: 47% below business as usual by 2030 Unconditional: 20% below business as usual by 2030 From 2016 iNDC: 20% (unconditional) to 45% (conditional) reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to the BAU scenarioEconomy-wide | Target year: 2030
  • 12% forest cover by 2015, then 18% by 2020LULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2020Source: Nigeria Vision 2020
  • 12% forest cover by 2015, then 18% by 2020LULUCF: Afforestation | Target year: 2020Source: Nigeria Vision 2020
  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions intensity of GDP by 20% by 2030 relative to base period 2010-14 - this is conditional, the reductions in intensity will increase to 45% depending on conditions such as climate finance and capacity buildingEconomy-wide | Target year: 2030Source: Nigeria’s National Action Plan to reduce short-lived climate pollutants

Legislative Process

Nigeria features a bicameral legislature (the National Assembly), modelled after the political system of the United States. The National Assembly is divided into an upper house (Senate) and a lower house (House of Representatives). The Senate has 109 members, three from each state and one from the capital region of Abuja. Every four years, senators are elected in a popular vote. The House of Representatives has 360 members who are elected for a four-year term, using a simple majority (first-past-the-post) system.

The last general elections (house, senate, and presidential elections) took place in March 2015. The next general elections will be held in 2019.

Proposed laws are called bills and can be introduced either to the Senate or the House. After its introduction in the legislative process, a bill is reviewed by a relevant committee, then referred to the National Assembly. In a sequence of three readings, the bill is discussed and modifications can be made. A bill is passed by a simple majority of the upper and lower house, which vote independently from one another. In order to formally complete the legislative process, acts have to be signed by the President (Presidential Assent).