Netherlands

Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030

Executive
Plan
Passed in 2019
The National Energy and Climate (ENCP) Plan is a ten-year integrated document mandated by the European Union to each of its member states in order for the EU to meet its overall greenhouse gases emissions targets.  The Energy and Climate Plan addresses all five dimensions of the EU Energy Union: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy markets and research, innovation and competitiveness. 

The plan establishes the following objectives : 1) reduction of greenhouse gas emissions with renewable energy and energy saving; 2) combating climate change with a climate-neutral electricity system. The limited availability of renewable sources in the Netherlands is an important point of concern. Since the Netherlands is located along the coast and the wind is relatively strong, this offers potential for wind energy on land and offshore; 3) a transition to an emission-free mobility system that involves sustainable energy carriers (electricity, biofuels and green hydrogen); 4) homes and other building will be made more energy-efficient  in a sustainable transformation of the built-up environment; 5) to promote a robust and sustainable agriculture which adopts a more efficient approach to raw materials and the environment. 

Documents
  • To reduce by 49% the greenhouse gases compared with 1990.

    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • To achieve a 27% share of renewable energy by 2030.

    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • A reduction of 7 per cent of  CO2 emissions in non-ETS compared to 2005.

    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • To increase by14 per cent the share of renewable energy in transport in 2030.

    Transportation | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • To increase by 21-33 per cent the share of RES in gross final energy consumption in 2030.

    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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