As presented in this report, the three pillars of the Dutch energy strategy are to ensure reliable energy supply at competitive prices and green growth as primary economic objectives, while maintaining an international approach in the long-term transition to a sustainable energy supply.
To expand the share of renewable energy, the government proposes a two-track policy. The long-term approach aims to make renewable energy competitive with grey energy. The short term approach aims to achieve the European target for renewable energy in the Netherlands of 14% in 2020. This target should be achieved by using for instruments: Sustainable Energy Incentive Scheme Plus (SDE+); obligation for use of biofuels in the transport sector; co-firing with biomass in coal-fired power stations; and import of renewable energy.
The document sees the European Emissions Trading System (ETS) as the most important instrument for reducing carbon emissions. It acknowledges the need to improve the investment climate by reducing the regulatory burden and by facilitating more efficient control. This will involve an evaluation into the Electricity Act 1998 and the Gas Act, to assess the scope for deregulation, reduction of control costs and the administrative burden and the costs associated with compliance.
14% share of renewables by 2020, then 16% by 2023
1.5% savings of final energy consumption by 2023
80-95% cut in GHG by 2050 compared with a business as usual scenario
60% cut in GHG from transport by 2050 against a 1990 baseline