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The Environment Protection Act 9/2019 (2076)

legislation type Legislative
Passed in 2019
This law was approved following the Shrestha v. Office of the Prime Minister et al. case mandating Nepal to take legislative action to be able to meet its commitments to the Paris Agreement.

Chapter 4 set provisions related to climate change. Article 23 mandates the relevant ministry to periodically provide information to local communities about the impacts of climate change. Article 24 charges authorities at national and local levels to adopt adaptation plans. Article 25 mandates the state to identify mitigation-prone sectors and set national targets. Following articles grant the state increased powers with regard to risk management (art. 26), adoption of technological standards (art. 27), and ability to participate in carbon trading (art. 28).

Article 31 creates the Environment Protection Fund responsible for the protection of environment, prevention and control of pollution, management of climate change and protection of the national heritages.


Related litigation cases

  • Shrestha v. Office of the Prime Minister et al.

    Opened in 2017 Settled

    On August 23, 2017 Padam Bahadur Shrestha filed an application to compel the government of Nepal to enact a new climate change law. When the authorities failed to respond, Shrestha petitioned the Supreme Court of Nepal to issue a writ of mandamus or other appropriate order to enact such a law. Ac...

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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