The Environment Protection Act 9/2019 (2076)
Chapter 4 set provisions related to climate change. Article 23 mandates the relevant ministry to periodically provide information to local communities about the impacts of climate change. Article 24 charges authorities at national and local levels to adopt adaptation plans. Article 25 mandates the state to identify mitigation-prone sectors and set national targets. Following articles grant the state increased powers with regard to risk management (art. 26), adoption of technological standards (art. 27), and ability to participate in carbon trading (art. 28).
Article 31 creates the Environment Protection Fund responsible for the protection of environment, prevention and control of pollution, management of climate change and protection of the national heritages.
Related litigation cases
On August 23, 2017 Padam Bahadur Shrestha filed an application to compel the government of Nepal to enact a new climate change law. When the authorities failed to respond, Shrestha petitioned the Supreme Court of Nepal to issue a writ of mandamus or other appropriate order to enact such a law. Ac...