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Environmental Management and Climate Change Act no 34/2020

legislation type Legislative
Adaptation Framework
Mitigation Framework
Passed in 2020
This document constitutes Nauru's framework climate law. It makes provision for the management and protection of the environment, climate change, the promotion of sustainable development, and to facilitate compliance with international and regional environment related obligations. It defines responsibilities at the government level on climate change and environmental protection. 

The document notably establishes the Environmental Impact Assessment Committee and the Climate Change and Environment Protection Fund. The aim of the fund is to enable  1) the protection and conservation of the reef and foreshore; 2) the preservation and protection of flora and fauna; 3) the prevention of coastal erosion and maintenance of high-water mark; 4) food security; 5) health; 6) soil conservation; 7) critical environmental restoration activities; 8) the management of sensitive and fragile ecosystems; 9) the protection from pollution of and removal of pollution from land, water and air; and 10) other purposes consistent with the provisions of this Act and as prescribed by regulations.According to Nauru's NDC, the Fund will consist of 1) centralise any compensation, expenses or costs awarded by the judiciary in relation to any offence under this Act; 2) grants, donations or contributions from international organisations; 3) the budget allocated by the Treasury; and 4) any environment related levies or taxes imposed by any written law.

The Act further establishes a monitoring, reporting and verification system.

The Environmental Management and Climate Change (Notices) Regulations 2021 and the Environmental Management and Climate Change (Ban on Single Use Plastic Shopping Bags) Regulations 2021 were approved under the scope of this document.


from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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