Mozambique

Resolution No. 10/2009 approving the New Policy on Energy

Executive
Policy; Resolution
Passed in 2009
Repeals and replaces Mozambique's October 2000 Energy Strategy and outlines the rational for its replacement, siting numerous changes that have occurred since 2000, including the rise of global warming, fossil fuel scarcity, and the challenge of energy security and stability. Adopts the strategic objective that Mozambique should align with internationally recognized best practices regarding energy-efficiency, energy mix diversification, and new and renewable sources.
 
 Directs the expansion of the National Network of Energy Transport [RNT) (e.g. continued expansion of electrification in Mozambique), highlighting the need for electricity in rural areas, as well as the acceleration of the expansion of alternative energy.
 
 Outlines five global and major challenges that Mozambique needs to address in the coming decades:
 1) increased risk of ruptures in energy supply;
 2) threat of environmental degradation due to energy production;
 3) lack of access to energy by economically disadvantaged;
 4) sustainability of energy; and
 5) diversification of the energy matrix
 
 Outlines Mozambique's energy policy vision, mission, and principles of strategy.
1) The vision: to ensure the availability of energy at a national level to meet the challenges of sustainable socio-economic development
2) The Mission: to sustainably improve access to energy
3) The Principles:
 o Sustained increased access to electricity and fuel
 o Sustainable use of woody biomass
 o Spread of new and renewable energies
 o Diversification of energy sources
 o Sustainable production of biofuels to substitute imported fuels
 o Integrated energy planning across sectors
 o Sustainable development and preservation of the environment
 o Adoption of tariffs to reflect real costs of adverse environmental impacts
 o The efficient use of energy
 o Encouraging private and scientific involvement, spurring investment in research and development of new technologies
 
 Provides an analysis of the energy mix and reaffirms the responsibilities of the Ministry of Energy to develop energy sector policies, long-term plans, and ensure their implementation. Outlines strategic objectives related to the development of hydroelectric generation, wind, geothermal, biomass, biogas, solar and demand side energy-efficiency.

Documents
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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