Decree 70/2013 Regulating Procedures for Project Approval for the Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and Forestry Degradation (REDD )
Outlines the procedures governing REDD+ projects and creates a Technical Unit of REDD+ (TU-REDD+), responsible for the implementation of REDD+ activities but subordinate to the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Agriculture. Directs the TU-REDD+ to:
- Develop regulations governing its operation
- Implement REDD+ strategy
- Develop and implement procedures for trading carbon under REDD+
- Coordinate activities with NGOs and local communities and organisations
- Outline legally binding conditions for REDD+ projects
- Prepare rules governing the allocation of carbon rights based on national and international legislation, and in particular the requirement to safeguard under of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
- Create a National Forest Resource Information Platform to serve as a database for REDD+ information
- Creates a REDD+ Technical Review Committee (TRC), which is required to meet quarterly, to advise the TU-REDD+ on its activities.
Authorises individuals, legally registered public or private national and foreign non-governmental organizations, and local communities to apply for approval of REDD+ projects. Outlines the parameters for project approval and the issuance of licenses by the:
- Governor of the Province, when the project concerns areas up to 20,000ha
- The Minister of the Environment or the Ministers of Agriculture and Tourism, when the area of land in questions is between 20,000 ha and 100,000 ha
- The Council of Ministers, when the area of land in questions is larger than 100,000 ha
Requires the Ministry for the Co-ordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA) and the National Directorate of Land and Forests, within the Ministry of Agriculture, to co-ordinate the processing and approval of REDD+ projects. Explicitly defines key terms related to REDD+ governance, including but not limited to: REDD+, forest degradation, forest carbon stock, and adaptation measures.