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Political Groups
LDC, G77
World Bank Income Group
Low income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2020

This document notably aims to increase the resilience of the country's infrastructure and population to adverse effects of climate change.

, 2018

This plan was approved by the Council of Ministers at its 38th Session, held on 11 December 2018. It was identified in Mozambique's updated NDC, however no further documentation is available.

, 2017

The overarching goal of this document is that “the population, their livelihoods and health and public and private infrastructure resilient to extreme events and the effects of climate change and with a consolidated culture of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery”.The Strategic Lines associated with this vision are:> Consolidation of acquired experience, in o...

, 2016

The decree creates the National Fund for Sustainable Development (FNDS) which aims to promote and finance programmes and projects that ensure sustainable, harmonious and inclusive development. Main objectives : 1) mobilising financial resources in actions leading to sustainable development, 2) promote and support strategies, programs and projects that contribute to ru...

, 2014

Serves as the framework law for disaster prevention, mitigation, and management and emphasises the importance of strategic readiness and systematic preparedness to prevent the impacts of climate change, reducing vulnerability to disasters. Defines strategic readiness as including the identification of climate change impacts, as well as necessary legislation and education t...

  • Achieve a reduction of GHG emissions by about 40 million tCO2eq between 2020 and 2025 (mitigation effort of about 1.2 tCO2 eq per capita by 2025, with following gases covered: CO2, CH4, N2O)Economy-wide | Target year: 2025
  • 30% reduction in the use of oil for domestic lighting by 2025 against a 2011 baselineBuildings: Energy Efficiency | Target year: 2025Source: Strategy for New and Renewable Development 2011-2025
  • Up to 40% reduction in the use of biomass in semi-industrial facilities by 2025 against a 2011 baselineIndustry: Biofuels | Target year: 2025Source: Strategy for New and Renewable Development 2011-2025
  • Duplication of domestic hidroelectricity capacity by 2025 against a 2011 baselineEnergy: Renewable Energy | Target year: 2025Source: Strategy for New and Renewable Development 2011-2025
  • Not ApplicableEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 0

Legislative Process

The Republic of Mozambique, which gained independence from Portugal in 1975, has a mixed legal system of Portuguese civil law and customary law. The first constitution was adopted in 1975 and the most recent constitution in 2004.

The President is the Head of State while the Prime Minister is the Head of Government. The legislature, a unicameral Assembly, holds the authority to pass laws. The Assembly is made up of 250 Members of Parliament (MPs), who are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. The most recent Parliamentary elections were held in October 2014 and the next ones are due in 2019.

Individual MPs, political groups within Parliament and other governmental institutions have the right to introduce legislation in the Assembly. Formal consideration of a legislative proposal requires it to be submitted to the president of the Assembly, after which the text will be presented to the relevant Parliamentary committees. After the committee discussion, the proposal is circulated amongst all MPs, followed by a debate between the representatives of the political parties. The working committees then summarise the main aspects of these discussions before sending the bill to the plenary.

Legislative proposals are subjected to two readings in different plenary sessions and require the approval of at least half of the MPs present in these sessions. If it wins a majority support, the legislation is then signed by the president of the Assembly before being sent to the President. The President has 30 days to consider the Bill, with the possibility of referring it to the Constitutional Council to verify its con­stitutional validity. With the presidential assent, the Bill comes into force as law once published in the Official Gazette.