We've upgraded this site. Find out more
Skip to content


Political Groups
G77, The Arab Group
World Bank Income Group
Lower middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2023

Technical analysis of the third biennial update report of Morocco submitted on 20 April 2022. Summary report by the team of technical experts, Technical Analysis Summary Report from Morocco in 2023

, 2022

Morocco. Biennial update report (BUR). BUR 3., Biennial Update Report from Morocco in 2022

, 2021

Morocco. National communication (NC). NC 4., National Communication from Morocco in 2021

, 2021

This document sets the government's strategy to ramp up the production and use of low-carbon hydrogen in the country. It notably seeks to couple it to the production of renewable energy from solar and wind, and to establish an exporting industry for green hydrogen.

, 2021

Morocco First NDC (Updated submission), Nationally Determined Contribution from Morocco in 2021

  • Avoid 2,874 kT CO2 emissions through energy efficiency by 2030 against a 2009 baselineEnergy: Energy Efficiency | Target year: 2030Source: Energy Security Plan and National Energy Strategy Vision 2030
  • Up to 6,120 MTCO2e emissions reduction by enforcing overgrazing strategy by 2030 against a 2013 baselineLULUCF: Land Use Change | Target year: 2030Source: National Plan Against Climate Change
  • Avoid 20,825 kT CO2 emissions through renewable energy by 2030 against a 2009 baselineEnergy: Renewable Energy | Target year: 2030Source: Energy Security Plan and National Energy Strategy Vision 2030
  • 35% cut in GHG emissions by 2020Transportation: General | Target year: 2020Source: National Plan Against Climate Change
  • revises upwards the objectives of the first version of the CDN by presenting a target of 45.5% by 2030, including an unconditional target of 18.3%. P 28 onward is a very detailed and budgetted list of scenarios, sectoral target and plans to achieve this overall target - see below From 2016 iNDC: 17% (unconditional) to 42% (conditional) reduction in GHG emission by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario, taking into account reductions in Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU)Economy-wide | Target year: 2030

Legislative Process

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. Political reforms in the 1990s expanded parliamentary power, and in 1996 a bicameral legislature was established. Responding to the Arab Spring movements and pro-reform demonstrations, King Mohammed VI proposed constitutional amendments in 2011. The electorate voted the amendments into law and a new constitutional text was enacted.

The 2011 constitution expanded the legislative power of the parliament. It maintained the bicameral parliament composed of a Chamber of Representatives with 395 members, elected by universal direct suffrage for ?ve years, and a Chamber of Councillors, elected indirectly by local and national electoral colleges, with a minimum of 90 and a maximum of 120 members, who are elected for six years. The parliament enacts national laws, oversees the government, and assesses public policies.

The king exercises his powers through Royal Decrees, which are part of the king’s discretionary powers in a variety of ?elds related to administration, legislation and other regulatory mechanisms. They are enforced as laws and constitute one of the most important sources of legislation in Morocco. There are two types of Royal Decree: those that allow the king to exercise his religious prerogatives and those related to his status as head of state. The constitution also distinguishes between decrees that are countersigned by the head of government and those that are signed only by the king.

The new constitution grants citizens the right to submit motions on legislation, but the conditions and under which that right can be exercised are established by an organic law. International treaties ratified by the Moroccan state supersede national laws.

The first parliamentary elections held following the adoption of the new Constitution took place in July 2011. The latest election for the Chamber of Representatives was held in October 2016, the next is expected in 2021.