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Green Development Policy (GDP)

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2014
This Policy defines Green Development as 'a transition to a development model that results in sustaining well-being of people by ensuring environmentally friendly, inclusive economic growth or increasing efficient consumption of natural resources and sustainability of ecosystem services'. Key indicators for measuring progress will include the savings of natural resources derived from production and services, level of recycling, green employment and green procurement growth, reduction of usage of energy, water, GHG emissions and ecological footprint per unit of production.
 The GDP establishes six strategic objectives to ensure green development: (i) promote resource efficient, low GHG emission and zero-waste production and services; (ii) preserve ecosystem balance; (ii) introduce financing, tax, lending and other incentives; (iv) promote green employment, poverty reduction and engraining/promoting green life style; (v) promote 'Live in harmony with nature' living and cultural values; and (v) develop and implement population settlement plan in accordance with climate change, availability of natural and other resources in regions and restoration capacity. For each one of these strategic objectives, the GDP establishes a number of specific and measurable targets. For example:
  • Reducing GHG emission in the energy sector by: increasing energy efficiency by 20% by 2030; ensuring the share of renewable energy relative to total energy production of 20% by 2020 and 30% by 2030 and 2030; renewing energy and industrial sector technologies; reducing wasteful consumption and losses; and optimising pricing policies.
  • Reducing building heat losses by 20% and 40% by 2020 and 2030, respectively, through the introduction of green solutions, energy efficient and advanced technologies and standards, including a green building rating system, energy audits and the introduction of incentives to promote these initiatives.
  • Processing of agricultural raw materials, including animal skin, wool and cashmere up to 60% and 80% by 2020 and by 2030, respectively, through the promotion of sustainable agriculture development and development of green-tech, export-oriented manufacturing industry cluster.
  • Protecting at least 60% of Mongolia's water flow and spring water area and the expansion of protected areas to 25% and 30% by 2020 and 2030, respectively, and creation of sustainable financing mechanisms.
  • Enhancing forest absorption of carbon by intensifying reforestation efforts and expanding forest areas to 9% of the country's territory by 2030.
  • Providing at least 90% of population with access to hygienic drinking water and improve sanitation facilities by increasing water supply and sewerage capacity and productivity.
  • Promoting efforts aimed to reclaim at least 70% of degraded, polluted and abandoned land due to production activities.
  • Promoting green investment equivalent to not less than 2% of Mongolia's GDP per year on green development, reducing GHG emissions, increasing productivity and energy efficiency.
  • Providing that at least 20% of public procurement shall be the procurement of environmentally sound, effective and resource efficient goods, works and services
  • Developing clean technologies and innovation by investing in science and technology research, experimentation/testing, and make these catalysts for green development.
  • Increasing the green area share by 15% by 2020 and 30% by 2030 through re-planning of urban settlement areas.
  • Reducing solid waste for landfills by 20% by 2020 and 40% by 2030.

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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