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Political Groups
LDC, G77
World Bank Income Group
Low income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

Madagascar's Adaptation communication, Adaptation Communication from Madagascar in 2022

, 2017

This law introduces a reform of the National Fund of Electricity (FNE). It sets up a National Sustainable Energy Fund (FNED) intended to contribute to the financing of electricity infrastructure development projects in rural and peri-urban areas, based on renewable energies and the promotion of energy efficiency, and on from which financial aids and tools are taken for the...

, 2017

Madagascar. National Communication (NC). NC 3., National Communication from Madagascar in 2017

, 2016

The National Strategy for Risk and Disaster Management (SNGRC) is applicable during the 2016-2030 period. Its vision is a nation resilient to shocks, protected from all damage, in its social, cultural dimension , economic and environmental for sustainable development. The overall objective of the document is to make risk and disaster management a pillar of sustainable deve...

, 2016

Madagascar First NDC, Nationally Determined Contribution from Madagascar in 2016

  • Reduce approximately 30 MtCO2, representing 14% of national emissions, in 2030 compared to the BAU scenario; additive to 61 MtCO2 absorptions increase of the LULUCF sector in 2030, expected at 32% compared to the BAU scenarioEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030
  • 61 MtCO2 (32%) increase of absorption compared to BAULULUCF: LULUCF/Forestry: General | Target year:
  • 270000 ha reforestationLULUCF: Reforestation | Target year:
  • 79% renewables in the energy mixEnergy: Renewable Energy | Target year:
  • 50% households with improved cookstoves by 2030Energy: Clean Cooking And Heating: Efficient Cookstoves | Target year: 2030

Legislative Process

Madagascar, also known as the Malagasay Republic, is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic whereby the President is head of the state, and the Prime Minister is the head of the government. The latest Constitution was promulgated in 2010 after Andry Rajoelina seized power in 2009. Executive power is exercised by the government and legislative power is exercised both by the government and the Parliament. Parliament should have two chambers: the National Assembly and the Senate. The last election for the National Assembly was held in December 2013, and the next one is to be held in 2017.

The convening of the National Assembly on 18 February 2014 marked the official end of a Transitional Congress. The Higher Transitional Council ceased to function once the National Assembly was elected. No law has been adopted on the composition of the Senate, and no date has been set for Senate elections. Until the installation of the Senate, the National Assembly will exercise legislative power alone.

According to the 2010 Constitution, authority to initiate legislation is split between the Prime Minister, Deputies and Senators. Legislation is deliberated in the Council of Ministers and presented to the Bureau of one of the Chambers. Proposed legislation and subsequent amendments are submitted to the government. In the case of disagreement between the government and the National Assembly or the Senate, the High Constitutional Court, at the demand of the Prime Minister or the President of one of the Chambers, decides on the observations within eight days.

All proposed legislation is examined in first reading by one Chamber and then sent to the other Chamber. The discussion takes place successively until a text is adopted. When the two chambers disagree, the Prime Minister convenes a meeting of a mixed joint commission. The government may submit the text elaborated by the joint commission for approval by the two Chambers. If the commission does not reach an agreement or if this text is not adopted, the National Assembly will decide by absolute majority.