National Water Resources Policy and Implementation Plan
Kiribati's National Water Resources Policy and Implementation Plan deals first and foremost with the impacts of climate change on water supply. It outlines three concrete policy goals, as well as seven, more specific policy objectives.
The goals are to (1) provide safe, socially equitable, financially, technically and environmentally sustainable water supplies to enhance the welfare and livelihood of I-Kiribati, (2) Protect and conserve freshwater sources for public water supplies, and (3) Deliver freshwater efficiently and effectively.
The objectives are to (1) increase access to safe and reliable water supplies, (2) achieve sustainable water resource management, (3) improve understanding and monitoring of water resources and their use, (4) improve protection of public freshwater sources, (5) increase community awareness of and participation in the protection, management and conservation of water, (6) improve governance in the water sector, and (7) decrease unaccounted for water losses, improve cost recovery and find alternate sources of water.
The policy places special emphasis on climate change in sustainable water use management. It states that the government intends to sustainably manage water and sanitation services "during climatic extremes," such as droughts, heavy rains, and storm surges, all of which can decrease quality and quantity of water supply.
The implementation plan defines the priority actions and sector-specific strategies for implementing the policy. Importantly, it also assigns those actions to specific actors in government.