The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2013-2020
Jordan's National Climate Change Strategy is a seven-year plan with three main objectives:
- To achieve a pro-active, climate risk resilient Jordan; remaining a low-carbon growing economy, sustainable water and agricultural resources, healthy ecosystems and climate resilient communities
- To build adaptive capacity of communities and institutions, including social issues related to gender and vulnerable groups, increasing resiliency of ecosystems to climate change, especially as it relates to water resources and agriculture; taking full advantages of any mitigation opportunities
- To prioritise both mitigation and adaptation to climate change, but with emphasis on adaptation given Jordan's relatively low carbon emissions
The strategy lists seven short-term goals.
- Provide guidance to government ministries in order to implement policy related to climate change adaptation and mitigation
- Facilitate the incorporation of climate change adaptation and mitigation into various private and public sectors, policies and legal frameworks
- Encourage strategies maximising co-benefits as it relates to health and minimising unintended negative consequences
- Encourage the integration of climate change mitigation objectives into key sectors' policies (energy, transportation and waste)
- Take note of the needs of vulnerable groups while devising adaptation and mitigation policies, and incorporating adaptation and mitigation into green growth strategies and other policies as they relate to vulnerable groups (youth, elderly, women, poor)
- Mainstream climate change considerations in infrastructure and land-use planning and services
- Provide a strategy to ensure adequate financing for mitigation and adaptation objectives, strengthening institutional and human resource capacity
The Strategy document overviews the country's strategies to combat climate change across various sectors and delineates the strategic actions that the country will implement in the coming years. Special attention is given to 'vulnerable groups' that stand to disproportionately suffer from the negative effects of climate change, as well as strategies to address gender imbalances between men and women. The document also details how the Climate Change Strategy will be monitored from a policy implementation perspective as well as institutional arrangements that will encourage adoption of climate change perspective in ministries outside of those directly involved with environmental management.
20% energy efficiency improvement by 2020 against a 2007 baseline