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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
High income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2022

The government of Japan Submission to the Technical Dialogue of the First Global Stocktake, Submission to the Global Stocktake from Japan in 2022

, 2022

Japan. 2022 National Inventory Report (NIR), National Inventory Report from Japan in 2022

, 2022

This subsidy aims to support renewal of equipment with high energy consumption efficiency performed at factories and business sites.(A) Advanced business: Focusing on energy -saving investments that have high technical and energy -saving performance and are now expected to expand their introduction potential, etc. I will do it.(B) Made -to -order business: We provide suppo...

, 2022

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) developed this document to set a direction for transition toward achieving carbon neutrality in 2050 for GHG-intensive industries. The roadmap is expected to assist financial institutions in determining whether a company's strategies and initiatives toward decarbonisation qualify for transition finance when the company rai...

, 2021

Japan's Adaptation communication, Adaptation Communication from Japan in 2021

  • Promoting a decarbonized society in Japan by 2050Economy-wide | Target year: 2050Source: Act on Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures (Law No. 117 of 1998)
  • Target net zero by 2050Economy-wide | Target year: 2050Source: Green Growth Strategy Through Achieving Carbon Neutrality in 2050
  • 26% GHG emission reduction by 2030 compared with a 2013 baselineEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2030Source: Plan for Global Warming Countermeasures
  • achieving net-zero by 2050. reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 46 percent in fiscal year 2030 from its fiscal year 2013 levels. Furthermore, Japan will continue strenuous efforts in its challenge to meet the lofty goal of cutting its emission by 50 percent from its fiscal year 2013 levels. From 2016 iNDC: 26% reduction in GHG emissions by fiscal year (FY) 2030 compared to FY 2013, or 25.4% reduction compared to FY 2005, equivalent to approximately 1.042 billion t-CO2eq in 2030Economy-wide: carbon neutrality | Target year: 2050
  • Zero CO2 emission from the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectorsAgriculture: Agriculture: General | Target year: 2050Source: Strategy for Sustainable Food Systems, MeaDRI

Legislative Process

The National Diet is the sole law-making organ of the State based on the Constitution promulgated in 1946. The Diet comprises two houses: The House of Representatives (the lower house) and the House of Councillors (the upper House). The House of Representatives has 480 members elected for a four-year term by a combination of single-seat constituency system and proportional representation. The Lower House may be dissolved at any time by the Emperor on the advice of the Prime Minister. The last general election for the House of Representatives took place in December 2014 upon the Prime Minister’s decision to dissolve the Lower House. The next Lower House election is expected to take place late 2018 unless it is dissolved. The House of Councillors (the Upper House) has 242 members, elected for a six-year term – every three years half of the Upper House members are elected. The last Upper House election took place in July 2016 and the next is expected for 2019.

Japan is a parliamentary cabinet system, and more than half of cabinet members are selected from MPs by the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is elected by MPs through a resolution of the Diet. MPs and the Cabinet are qualified to submit bills, and all the bills are passed to a committee for deliberation, which sometimes includes open hearings. After the committee votes on the bill, it is passed for approval to Diet plenary session in both houses. If the two chambers’ votes are at odds, a conference committee is convened in an attempt to reach a compromise. After a law is passed it is promulgated by the Emperor and announced in the government gazette. The Diet also has the authority to approve the budget, ratify treaties and amend the Constitution.