Climate Adaptation Strategy (Decree of the Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea 0000086/CLE)
The National Adaptation Strategy provides an extensive knowledge on past, present and future climate change and on impacts/vulnerabilities to climate change of different sectors, including: water resources; desertification, soil degradation and drought; hydrogeological risks; biodiversity and ecosystems; health; forestry; agriculture, aquaculture, marine fishery; energy; coastal zones; tourism; urban settlements; and critical infrastructures.
The Strategy also provides a national vision on how to address future impacts of climate change in various socio-economic sectors and natural systems and it in particular aims to:
- improve current knowledge on climate change and its impacts;
- identify vulnerabilities and adaptation options for relevant natural and socio-economic systems, and describe opportunities that may be associated to climate change;
- promote participation of stakeholders in defining strategies and sectoral adaptation plans to make later implementation more effective;
- increase awareness about climate change risks and adaptation through a range of communication activities;
- specify methods to be used to identify the best options for adaptation actions, also highlighting the co-benefits.
The Strategy sets the broad adaptation framework, but it is the Action Plan and sectoral plans that are to be adopted by December 2016 will define the timeline, quantifiable objectives and details of implementation.
The National Adaptation Strategy also identifies areas where synergies between climate mitigation and adaptation actions could be exploited, including: energy and green buildings; food production and consumption; forestry and land-use; and water resources.