Energy Conservation Act
This Act requires large energy consumers to adhere to energy consumption norms; new buildings to follow the Energy Conservation Building Code; and appliances to meet energy performance standards and to display energy consumption labels.
The 2008 National Climate Action Plan builds on this legislation to achieve its energy efficiency target. Under the Act, large energy-consuming industries are required to undertake energy audits and an energy-labelling programme for appliances has been introduced.
The Act establishes the Bureau of Energy Efficiency to implement the provisions of the Act.
The plan estimates that current initiatives based on the Energy Conservation Act of 2001, will yield 10,000MW of savings by 2012.
The expectations in regard of fuel efficiency as prescribed by the Government through Gazette Notification, 30 January 2014, requires a formulaic improvement which broadly is equivalent to the average fleet fuel efficiency improving to 18.2 km/l by 2016-17 and further to 21 km/l by 2021-22. These targets imply annualised improvement of 1.7% and 3.0% respectively going forward.
In August 2022, the Energy Conservation (Amendment) Bill, 2022 that amends the Energy Conservation Act, was passed in the lower house (Lok Sabha). The bill focuses on energy transition, promoting renewable energy sources and green hydrogen. Major amendments, amongst others, include: allowing the government to provide a carbon trading scheme, specifying an energy conservation code for large buildings and provide for the formation of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency. As of October 24th, the bill still awaits to be debated in Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Parliament), probably in December 2022, prior to becoming an act.