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Hungary

Hungary's National Energy and Climate Plan

legislation type Executive
Plan
Passed in 2019
The National Energy and Climate (ENCP) Plan is a ten-year integrated document mandated by the European Union to each of its member states in order for the EU to meet its overall greenhouse gases emissions targets.  The Energy and Climate Plan addresses all five dimensions of the EU Energy Union: decarbonisation, energy efficiency, energy security, internal energy markets and research, innovation and competitiveness.  

The main objectives of the plan are : 1) to strengthen energy sovereignty and energy security, 2) to maintain the results of reduced overhead costs, 3) to achieve the decarbonisation of energy production with the combined use of nuclear energy and renewable energy. 

The plan states that it is in the interest of Hungary to reduce its demand for energy imports and to ensure its connection to the regional electricity grids and natural gas networks. 

The reduction of the use of fossil fuels may be achieved through the use of heating/cooling solutions based on renewable resources and the reduction of energy consumption in public institutions, industry and transport. For energy efficiency, the plan establishes green solutions as the electromobility and the household-scale energy production for private purposes and the spread of smart meters.


Documents

  • To reduce GHG emissions by at least 40% compared to 1990.
    Economy-wide | Fixed level target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • To increase the share of renewable energy sources to at least 21% within gross final energy consumption.

    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • To increase the share of renewable resources within gross final electricity consumption to at least 20% by 2030.

    Energy | Trajectory target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2020
  • 14% share of renewable energy in transport sector by 2030
    Transport | Target year: 2030
  • 20% electricity consumption is renewable resources by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 200,000 households with roof-mounted PV panels by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Reduce share of electricity imports to under 20% by 2040
    Energy | Target year: 2040
  • max 785 PJ of final energy consumption by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 10% use of petroleum products in transport by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 40% GHG emissions reduction by 2030 (1990 levels)
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • Phaseout of coal and lignite by 2030.
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 7% emission reduce between 2021-2030 relative to base year of 2005
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • 2 new nuclear plants built by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 30% share of renewable energy in heating and cooling sector by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Final energy consumption doesn't exceed 785 PJ in 2030 (value of 2005)
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Reduce share of gas imported to ~70% by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Increase share of electricity interconnection to ~60% by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 40% reduction of GHG emissions compared 1990 by 2030
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • 7% reduction of non-ETS emissions compared to 2005 by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • Min. 21% share of renewable energy within gross final energy consumption by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • ~70% of natural gas net import dependency by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • max. 85% of oil net import dependency by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • max. 20% of electricity of net import dependency by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • min. 120% of N-1 rule for the natural gas infrastructure by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • min. 60% of share of interconnected electricity systems by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 52-85% GHG emission reduction by 2050 over 1990 base year
    Energy | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 1990
  • Reach 14.65% gross final energy consumption by 2020
    Energy | Target year: 2020
  • min. 40% reduction of GHG emissions by 2030 (over 1990 base year)
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • min. 21% share of renewable energy sources in gross final energy consumption by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 331.23 PJ cumulative final energy consumption savings between 2021-2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2021
  • Increase the cross-border capacities of its electricity grid to 60 % by 2030.
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • Reduce share of gas imports to 70% by 2030 and below 70 % after 2040.
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 60% share of electricity interconnections by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2030
  • 8.2% share of biocomponents in fuels by 2020
    Transport | Target year: 2030
  • 1300 environmentally friendly local buses by 2029
    Transport | Target year: 2029
  • 23% decline in waste emissions by 2030
    Waste | Target year: 2030
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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