National Integrated Management of Marine Coastal Zones Policy (Government agreement N.328-2009)
The Policy includes the precautionary principle as one of its guiding principles, aiming at reducing the vulnerability and promoting adaptation and mitigation measures in the coastal areas. Climate change is also one of its nine strategic directions, to be addressed through the following measures:
- Harmonise the National Climate Change Strategy with the National Marine Coastal Policy;
- Develop networks of areas that increase the resilience of coastal and marine ecosystems;
- Determine the limits of the Exclusive Economic Zone on both coasts (Pacific and Caribbean) to make them official under UNCLOS;
- Identify and implement programs, projects and actions to prevent and reduce the socio-environmental vulnerability in coastal marine areas and monitor the impacts of and adaptation to climate change;
- Identify the most vulnerable coastal marine areas, monitor the likely climate change impacts and prioritize mitigation actions;
- Promote the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and Risk Management (GR), to increase resilience to extreme weather events affecting the population, given the high vulnerability of coastal areas.