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Federal/lander programme for the improvement of agricultural structures and coastal protection (GAK)

legislation type Executive
Passed in 2021
The GAK is the most important national funding instrument for efficient, future-oriented and competitive agriculture and forestry, coastal protection and vital rural areas. It contains a wide range of agricultural structure and infrastructure measures. It derives from the Law on the joint task "Improvement of agricultural structure and coastal protection" (GAKG).

Around 1.32 billion euros in federal funds are available for the GAK. Together with the co-financing of the federal states, funds of around 2.2 billion euros can be mobilized for the GAK measures. The GAK contains a wide range of agricultural structure and infrastructure measures and thus largely covers the scope of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). In Germany, the GAK is an essential element of the national strategy for the development of rural areas.

The GAK aims to:
  • ensure that agriculture and forestry are efficient and geared to future requirements,
  • ensure that agriculture and forestry are competitive in the common market of the European Union,
  • it is ensured that the rural areas remain productive in the long term and that environmentally friendly and resource-saving agriculture and forestry are an integral part of these areas,
  • coastal protection to be improved
  • improve flood protection inland.

In order to fulfill the joint task, a joint framework plan is drawn up by the federal and state governments for a four-year financial planning period. The GAK master plan designates the measures including the objectives associated with them, it describes the funding principles, recipients of funding, funding requirements and the type and amount of funding. The GAK framework plan is adopted by the Planning Committee for Agricultural Structures and Coastal Protection (PLANAK), which brings together the federal and state agricultural ministers and the Federal Minister of Finance. It applies to the period of financial planning and is objectively reviewed every year and adapted to current developments.

On December 2, 2021 and February 22, 2022, PLANAK decided on the funding principles for the GAK framework plan and the GAK framework plan.

from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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