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Political Groups
World Bank Income Group
Upper middle income
Global Climate Risk Index

The annually published Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.).

Published by German Watch https://www.germanwatch.org/en/cri
Share of Global Emissions
Laws, Acts, Constitutions (legislative branch)
Policies, strategies, decrees, action plans (from executive branch)
Coming soon
Court cases and tribunal proceedings
Climate targets in National Law & Policy

Latest Documents

, 2023

Technical analysis of the first biennial update report of Gabon submitted on 29 December 2021. Summary report by the team of technical experts, Technical Analysis Summary Report from Gabon in 2023

, 2022

This ordinances is taken following article 52 of Gabon's constitution, which means it is equivalent to a law.This ordinance aims to: - maintain Gabon's carbon neutrality by 2050, in particular, by implementing its nationally determined contribution under the Paris Agreement. ; - enhance the economic potential linked to ecosystem services and natural capital in favor of mob...

, 2022

Seconde Contribution Déterminée au Niveau National (République Gabonaise), Nationally Determined Contribution from Gabon in 2022

, 2022

Gabon. National Communication (NC). NC 3., National Communication from Gabon in 2022

, 2021

Gabon. Biennial update report (BUR). BUR 1., Biennial Update Report from Gabon in 2021

  • Maintain carbon neutrality in 2050Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
  • Commits to remaining carbon-neutral up to and beyond 2050.Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
  • At least 50% reduction in GHG emissions by 2025 compared to the baseline scenario emissionsEconomy-wide: Economy Wide | Target year: 2025
  • Reduction of 1 Gm3 of torched gas by 2015Energy: Fuels | Target year: 2010Source: National Climate Plan (Plan Climat)
  • 2.7% emission reduction (below BAU) by 2030 unconditionally, 45.4% by 2030 conditional on international financial supportEconomy-wide | Target year: 2030Source: The Gambia 2050 Climate Vision

Legislative Process

Gabon is a Presidential Republic in which the legal system is based on French civil law. The Constitution, written in 1961 following independence from France, was last revised in 2003. It provides basic freedoms and guarantees the separation of executive and legislative powers.

The government comprises a bicameral Parliament composed of a National Assembly and a Senate. The National Assembly has 120 deputies elected by direct popular vote for a five-year term, whilst the Senate has 102 seats, with senators elected by municipal councils and regional assemblies for a six-year term. The most recent elections were in 2009 for the Senate, and 2011 for the National Assembly. The next Senate election was scheduled for January 2015 and the next election for the National Assembly is due in December 2016. The President is elected for seven years with no presidential mandate limitation.

Ordinarily, there are two legislative sessions per year, the first from March to June, and the second September through December. The Government and Parliament co-jointly hold the authority to propose legislation. Legislation initiated by the Government is termed a ‘bill,’ and must first be reviewed by the Administrative Court and approved unanimously by the Council of Ministers before entering one of the two houses of Parliament. Legislation from Parliament is termed a ‘private bill.’ Before debate in a plenary session, both types of bills are referred to the relevant committee of each chamber

The Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) has been in power since 1968 and has had the most influence over Gabonese politics, both before and after the first multi-party National Assembly elections in 1990.