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France

National Low-Carbon Strategy (SNBC)

legislation type Executive
Action Plan
Strategy
Passed in 2015
Introduced by the Energy Transition Law for Green Growth (LTECV), The National Low-Carbon Strategy (SNBC) is France's roadmap for combating climate change. It provides guidelines for implementing, in all sectors of activity, the transition to a low-carbon, circular and sustainable economy. It defines a trajectory for reducing greenhouse gas emissions until 2050 and sets short- to medium-term objectives: carbon budgets. It has two ambitions: to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 and to reduce the carbon footprint of French consumption. Public decision-makers, at both national and territorial levels, must take it into account.

Adopted for the first time in 2015, the SNBC was revised in 2018-2019, with the aim of achieving carbon neutrality in 2050 (ambition raised compared to the first SNBC which targeted factor 4, i.e. a 75% reduction in its GHG emissions by 2050 compared to 1990). This revised SNBC project was subject to public consultation from January 20 to February 19, 2020. The new version of the SNBC and the carbon budgets for the periods 2019-2923, 2024-2028 and 2029-2033 were adopted by decree on April 21, 2020.

Article L. 222-1 B of the Environment Code stipulates that the State, local authorities and their respective public establishments take the low-carbon strategy into account in their planning and programming documents which have significant effects on greenhouse gas emissions.

The Prime Minister, in response to the first report of the High Council for the climate, seized ten ministries so that each one drew up an action plan stemming from the SNBC and the National climate change adaptation plan. By the end of 2021, the Ministry of Ecological Transition, the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Recovery and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food released such plans.

Documents

  • reduce emissions by 37% by 2030 compared to 2005
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005
  • increase from 3% to 12% of the modal share of bicycles (in number of short-distance trips) from 2030 and to 15% in 2050.
    Transport | Target year: 2050
  • for heavy goods vehicles, aim for real consumption by 2040 of: ▪ 21 L/100 km for new vehicles running on diesel; ▪ 15kg/100km for new vehicles running on natural gas (NGV); ▪ 129kWh/100km for vehicles running on electricity.
    Transport | Target year: 2040
  • for private vehicles, aim for an actual consumption level of: approximately 4 L/100 km for new thermal vehicles sold from 2030, and 12,5kWh/100km for new electric vehicles by 2050
    Transport | Target year: 2030
  • reduce emissions by 28% in the transport sector by 2030 relative to 2015
    Transport | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2015
  • achieve 100% BBC (Bâtiments Basse Consommation) fleet on average by 2050.
    Urban | Target year: 2050
  • Reduce emissions by 40% by 2030 relative to 1990
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990
  • Reduce emissions by between 80% and 95% by 2050 relative to 1990
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 1990
  • Reduce emissions by 37% by 2030 compared to 2015, and by 66% by 2050
    Waste | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2015
  • reduce resource consumption by 30% in relation to GDP by 2030 compared to 2010
    Waste | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2010
  • recover 55% of non-hazardous non-inert waste, in particular organic, in 2020 and 65% in 2025
    Waste | Target year: 2025
  • Recycle 100% of plastics by 2025
    Waste | Target year: 2025
  • Reduce the quantities of non-hazardous waste sent to landfill by 50% by 2025 compared to 2010
    Waste | Target year: 2025 | Base year: 2010
  • reduce the quantity of non-hazardous non-inert waste sent to landfill by 50% by 2025 compared to 2010
    Waste | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2010
  • 50% of energy prodcution to be nuclear energy
    Energy | Target year: 2035
  • Renewable energy to account for 50% of total energy consumption by 2020 in French overseas departments and regions (30% for Mayotte), and complete energy independence by 2050
    Energy | Target year: 2050
  • Reduce emissions by 33% by 2030 in the energy production sector, relative to 2015
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2015
  • Renewable energy to account for 23% of total energy consumption by 2020, and at least 33% by 2030
    Energy | Target year: 2020
  • Electrify the industry sector from 38% to 41% between 2015 and 3020 and more by at least 70% of total consumption in the sctor by 2050
    Energy | Target year: 2050
  • The SNBC reference scenario targets in particular between 10% and 30% energy efficiency gains in the sector in 2030 depending on the sector, and between 20% and 40% in 2050.
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
  • Reduce emissions in the industry sector by 35% by 2030 compared to 35% and by 81% by 2050.
    Industry | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2015
  • Reduce food waste by 50% by 2025
    Waste | Target year: 2025
  • Reduce GHG emissions by 5% between 1990 and 2012
    Economy-wide | Target year: 1990
  • Carbon neutrality by 2050
    Economy-wide | Target year: 2050
from the Grantham Research Institute
from the Grantham Research Institute
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